CBI - China: Day 112 of 154 of the Japanese Invasion of Manchuria.
1933 — , January 7
CBI - China: Day 7 of 142 of the 1st Battle of Hebei.
1937 — , January 7
Spain: Day 175 of 985 of the Spanish Civil War.
1938 — , January 7
Spain: Day 540 of 985 of the Spanish Civil War.
CBI - China: Day 185 of 2,987 of the 2nd Sino-Japanese War.
Day 30 of 54 of the Battle of Nanking.
Day 26 of 50 of the Rape of Nanking.
1939 — , January 7
Spain: Day 905 of 985 of the Spanish Civil War.
CBI - China: Day 550 of 2,987 of the 2nd Sino-Japanese War.
1940 — , January 7
Finland: Day 39 of 105 of the Russo-Finnish War.
Finland: Day 7 of 7 of the Battle of Raate Road in central Finland. The battle ends with a Finnish victory. General Semyon Timoshenko takes command of all Soviet units in Finland and begins to rebuild his forces for a decisive offensive.
CBI - China: Day 915 of 2,987 of the 2nd Sino-Japanese War.
Day 54 of 381 of the Battle of South Guangxi.
1941 — , January 7
Atlantic: 200 miles south of Iceland, the Italian submarine GIACOMO NANI attacks convoy HX.99 without success. British corvette HMS ANEMONE and French corvette LA MALOUINE counter-attack, sinking the Nani. All 58 crew are rescued and taken prisoner.
Italian submarine GIACOMO NANI
When Italy entered WWII, the Regia Marina Italiana (Italian Royal Navy) fielded around 115 submarines. It was the biggest fleet of its kind; almost double the number of Germany in 1939. The US had 100, France 86, Great Britain 69, Japan 65 (numbers may vary, depending from the sources). The Italian submarine fleet served mainly in the Mediterranean.
During the war, 88 Italian submarines, some two-thirds of its total strength, were lost.
ETO - UK: Day 124 of 258 of the Blitz.
MTO - North Africa: Day 30 of 63 of the UK's Operation COMPASS, their campaign in North Africa against the Italians in Egypt and Libya. Tobruk is surrounded, but the British are unable to assault it immediately as supplies and reinforcements need to be brought up.
East Africa: Day 212 of 537 of Italy's East African campaign in the lands south of Egypt.
CBI - China: Day 1,281 of 2,987 of the 2nd Sino-Japanese War.
CBI - Thailand: Day 99 of 221 of the Franco-Thai War (Vichy France vs Thailand).
1942 — , January 7
Russian Front - Center: Day 98 of 98 of the Battle of Moscow. The Germans have been driven far enough back that Moscow is no longer under threat. The Battle of Moscow is over.
German soldier surrendering during the Battle of Moscow
For a time, Moscow seemed to have been so close to falling to the Germans that Stalin's armored train was ready at the station to carry him east to safety. But the Soviets were aided in their efforts by extreme cold and poor weather, which minimized the Luftwaffe's operations. Add to it Hitler's decision to divert troops from Moscow south to the fighting at Stalingrad, assuming he could always come back and finish off Moscow later. Big mistake.
The failure of German forces at Moscow doomed Germany to fighting a prolonged struggle on the Eastern Front. This part of the war would consume the vast majority of its manpower and resources for the remainder of the conflict.
Casualties for the Battle of Moscow are debated, but estimates suggest German losses of between 248,000 and 400,000 and Soviet losses of between 650,000 and 1,280,000.
Slowly building strength, the Soviets would turn the tide of the war at the Battle of Stalingrad in late 1942 and early 1943.
PTO - Solomon Islands: Day 154 of 187 of the Battle of Guadalcanal. US B-17s bomb Bougainville Island while B-26s attack Rekata Bay on Santa Isabel Island.
1944 — , January 7
ETO: In preparation for the invasion of France, Allied planes begin dropping airborne operatives into the occupied country to help train their partisans in guerrilla tactics to support regular troops.
ETO - Germany: US 8th Air Force B-17s and B-24s bomb at Ludwigshafen.
ETO - Germany: Day 51 of 135 of the Battle of Berlin (RAF bombing campaign). Small raids are made on Krefeld and Duisburg by 11 Mosquitos. 10 men are killed when an SOE support flight crashes shortly after takeoff.
ETO - France: US 9th Air Force B-26s bomb the Cherbourg/Maupertus Airfield.
Russian Front - North: Day 852 of 872 of the Siege of Leningrad.
Russian Front - North: Day 613 of 658 of the Siege of the Kholm Pocket. USSR lays siege to the Kholm Pocket but the Germans hold out for a about a year and a half.
Russian Front - South: Day 15 of 113 of the USSR's Dnieper-Carpathian Offensive in southwestern Ukraine.
Russian Front - South: Day 15 of 22 of the Battle of Zhitomir, Russia. This will create a 70 mile gap in the German line.
Russian Front - South: Day 3 of 12 of the Battle of Kirograd, Ukraine.
MTO - Italy: US 5th Army drives closer toward the Rapido River. RAF and US Air Forces provides air support for the Allied ground troops.
CBI - Burma: Day 9 of 99 of the 2nd Battle of Arakan.
CBI - Burma: US 10th Air Force attacks various targets throughout Burma.
CBI - China: Day 2,376 of 2,987 of the 2nd Sino-Japanese War.
US 14th Air Force concentrates on hitting ships.
PTO - New Guinea: Day 111 of 219 of the Battle of Shaggy Ridge. 5th Air Force provides air support.
PTO - New Guinea: Day 108 of 162 of the Battle of the Huon Peninsula. 5th Air Force provides air support.
PTO - New Guinea: Day 24 of 597 of the Battle of New Britain. US 13th Air Force provides air support.
PTO - Solomon Islands: Day 68 of 295 of the Battle of the Bougainville Islands.
1945 — , January 7
ETO - France: Day 160 of 284 of the Battle of Brittany.
ETO - France: Day 115 of 236 of the Siege of Dunkirk.
ETO - Belgium: Day 23 of 41 of the Battle of the Bulge. US 9th Air Force provides air support.
ETO - Belgium: Day 8 of 26 of Operation NORDWIND, the last major German offensive of World War II on the Western Front.
ETO - Germany: Day 111 of 145 of the Battle of Hürtgen Forest.
ETO - Germany: US 8th Air Force heavy bombers hit targets in western Germany.
Russian Front - Finland: Day 115 of 223 of the Lapland War. Finland and Russia have joined forces to kick the Germans out of Finland's most northern province.
Russian Front - Center: Day 85 of 206 of the Battle of the Courland Pocket in Latvia.
Russian Front - Center: Day 78 of 99 of the Siege of Memel, a border town of Lithuania and East Prussia.
Russian Front - South: Day 71 of 108 of the Battle of Budapest, Hungary.
MTO - Italy: US and Royal Air Forces provides air support for the Allied ground units.
CBI - Burma: Day 282 of 302 of the Chinese Salween Offensive. US 10th Air Force provides air support.
CBI - China: Day 2,742 of 2,987 of the 2nd Sino-Japanese War.
US 14th Air Force bomb at Ft Bayard and attack shipping in Samah Bay on Hainan Island, claiming one vessel sunk.
PTO - Japan: US 7th Air Force B-24s bomb the airfields on Iwo Jima.
PTO - New Guinea: Day 377 of 597 of the Battle of New Britain.
PTO - New Guinea: Day 261 of 481 of the Battle of Western New Guinea.
PTO - Philippines: Day 80 of 299 of the 2nd Battle of the Philippines, aka the Liberation of the Philippines or the Philippines Campaign.
PTO - Philippines: Day 24 of 244 of the Battle of Luzon.
PTO - Philippines: Day 2 of 4 of the Allied Invasion landing at Lingayen Gulf. 5th Air Force provides air support.
Day-By-Day listings for January 7 were last modified on Tuesday, February 2, 2016