CBI - China: Day 124 of 154 of the Japanese Invasion of Manchuria.
1933 — , January 19
CBI - China: Day 19 of 142 of the 1st Battle of Hebei.
1937 — , January 19
Japan: Japan withdraws from the Washington Conference Treaty of 1922, which had been established to curtail an arms race by limiting the size of the navies of the major powers.
Delegates to the Washington Conference in Washington, DC, 1921-22, which included representatives from Japan, France, United States, Great Britain, Canada, Australia, New Zealand and India.
The Washington Conference on the Limitation of Armament in 1922 was the first conference of World Powers ever held in the United States. From the standpoint of civilization, this Conference was deemed of great importance because it sought to bring to an end a prodigal and a ruinous competition in battleships, which, if continued, could only result in disaster to mankind.
From the standpoint of the United States, the Conference was of great importance because it marked her reappearance in the Family of Nations; because it sealed her friendship with the British Empire; and because it relieved, at least temporarily, the tension of her relations with Japan.
From the standpoint of the Orient, the Conference was of importance because it recognized the military supremacy of Japan in the Far East, and because it impressed upon China the painful and now undisguised fact that her national salvation depends very largely upon herself alone.
Atlantic: Day 6 of 169 of Germany's Second "Happy Time," during which U-boats sink 609 Allied ships with little risk.
Russian Front - North: Day 134 of 872 of the Siege of Leningrad.
Russian Front - North: Day 11 of 29 of the Battle of Toropets, Russia. A failed attempt to break the siege at Leningrad.
Russian Front - Center: Day 12 of 103 of the Battle of Vyazma, Russia.
Russian Front - Center: Day 12 of 103 of the Battle of Sychevsk, Russia.
Russian Front - South: Day 82 of 248 of the Siege of Sevastopol, Crimean Peninsula. All German attacks against Sevastopol are stopped for the winter.
MTO - Libya: Two Axis transports, the MONGEVINO and ANKARA land 45 German tanks at Benghazi as reinforcements.
CBI - Burma: Day 37 of 164 of Japan's Invasion of Burma. Japanese troops capture Tavoy as their advance in Burma continues.
CBI - China: Day 1,658 of 2,987 of the 2nd Sino-Japanese War.
Day 27 of 99 of the 3rd Battle of Changsha.
CBI - Malaya: Day 43 of 55 of the Battle of British Malaya. General Wavell warns Churchill that Singapore cannot be held but Churchill replies that Singapore must be defended and that no question of surrender be entertained.
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Dates related to British Malaya and Singapore...
18 Feb 41: Elements of the Australian 8th Division arrive in Singapore.
18 Mar 41: Grand Admiral Erich Raeder urges Hitler to convince Japan to attack Singapore.
28 Apr 41: Churchill issues directive stating that at present there is no need to make provisions for the defense of Malaya and Singapore.
19 Jan 42: General Wavell warns Churchill that Singapore cannot be held, but is told that no question of surrender be entertained.
22 Jan 42: Day 46 of 55 of the Battle of British Malaya. Reinforcements reach Singapore with an Indian Brigade landing.
24 Jan 42: Day 48 of 55 of the Battle of British Malaya. British 18th Division arrives at Singapore as reinforcements to boost its defenses.
30 Jan 42: Day 54 of 55 of the Battle of British Malaya. British troops withdraw into Singapore.
30 Jan 42: Day 1 of 17 of the Battle of Singapore. The Japanese siege of British troops in Singapore begins.
14 Feb 42: Day 16 of 17 of the Battle of Singapore. Japanese soldiers advance toward the Alexandra Barracks Hospital. A British lieutenant, acting as an envoy with a white flag, approaches the Japanese forces but is killed with a bayonet. The Japanese troops enter the hospital and kill a number of patients, including those undergoing surgery at the time, along with doctors and members of the nursing staff.
15 Feb 42: Day 17 of 17 of the Battle of Singapore. 9,000 British and Australian troops have been killed, and the remaining 80,000 are taken prisoner as Japanese troops take the city, joining 50,000 taken in the earlier Malayan Campaign to be worked as slaves. It remains the largest surrender of British-led forces in history.
16 Feb 42: Australia's Prime Minister Curtin, calls the surrender of Singapore "Australia's Dunkirk."
04 Mar 42: The Australian sloop HMAS YARRA is sunk by Japanese cruisers while attempting to protect a convoy of vessels withdrawing from Singapore to Australia.
05 Sep 45: Following Japan's surrender, British land in Singapore.
PTO - Borneo: Day 35 of 107 of the Battle of Borneo. The Japanese have now secured all of British North Borneo.
PTO - Philippines: Day 43 of 152 of the 1st Battle of the Philippines. US 5th Air Force B-17s attack shipping at Jolo Island.
1943 — , January 19
Russian Front - North: Day 499 of 872 of the Siege of Leningrad.
Russian Front - North: Day 8 of 19 of USSR's Operation ISKRA (Operation SPARK) on the southern shore of Lake Ladoga, north of Leningrad. This Soviet victory will help ease the siege at Leningrad a little bit more.
Russian Front - North: Day 260 of 658 of the Siege of the Kholm Pocket, USSR lays siege to the Kholm Pocket but the Germans hold out for a about a year and a half.
Russian Front - South: Day 151 of 165 of the Battle of Stalingrad, bloodiest battle in human history. Soviets claim further victories during a 75-mile advance toward Kharkov taking 52,000 Axis prisoners on this front alone.
Russian Front - South: Day 39 of 69 of the USSR's Operation LITTLE SATURN. A successful drive into the Northern Caucasus and the Donets Basin pushing the Axis troops out.
MTO - Libya: British 8th Army captures Homs and Tarhuna, near Tripoli. RAF and US Air Forces provide air support.
MTO - Tunisia: Day 64 of 178 of the Battle of Tunisia. RAF and US Air Forces provide Allied air support.
CBI - Burma: Day 30 of 104 of the 1st Battle of Arakan. US 10th Air Force provides air support.
CBI - China: Day 2,023 of 2,987 of the 2nd Sino-Japanese War.
PTO - Alaska: Day 227 of 435 of the Battle of Kiska, Aleutian Islands.
PTO - Malaya: Day 335 of 357 of the Battle of Timor Island, a long guerrilla war ending in Japanese victory.
PTO - New Guinea: Day 62 of 66 of the Battle of Buna-Gona. Australian troops capture Cape Killerton and Wye Point. 5th Air Force provides air support.
PTO - Solomon Islands: Day 166 of 187 of the Battle of Guadalcanal. US 13th Air Force provides air support.
1944 — , January 19
ETO - Ireland: The Irish government announces the arrest of two 'Quisling' Irishmen, who had parachuted into County Clare by German planes.
Russian Front - North: Day 864 of 872 of the Siege of Leningrad.
Russian Front - North: Day 625 of 658 of the Siege of the Kholm Pocket. USSR lays siege to the Kholm Pocket but the Germans hold out for a about a year and a half.
Russian Front - North: Day 6 of 48 of the Battle toward the Narva River, Estonia. This drive helps lift the Leningrad siege and liberate Narva. Germans troops are surrounded in Novgorod (100 miles to the south of Leningrad) but do manage to break out.
Russian Front - North: Day 6 of 17 of the Battle of Krasnoye Selo-Ropsha, Russia (Operation JANUARY THUNDER). This victory will push the German line west of Leningrad back far enough to reopen the Moscow-Leningrad railroad.
Russian Front - North: Day 6 of 33 of the Battle of Luga, Russia. Taking this town west of Leningrad will open the door toward Estonia.
Russian Front - South: Day 27 of 113 of the USSR's Dnieper-Carpathian Offensive in southwestern Ukraine.
MTO - Italy: Day 3 of 123 of the Battle of Monte Cassino. RAF and US Air Forces provides air support for the Allied ground troops.
CBI - Burma: Day 21 of 99 of the 2nd Battle of Arakan.
CBI - Burma: US 10th Air Force hits several targeted areas including a couple in Thailand.
CBI - China: Day 2,388 of 2,987 of the 2nd Sino-Japanese War.
CBI - Indochina: US 14th Air Force bombs targets at Mon Cay.
PTO - Marshall Islands: US 7th Air Force attacks targets on Mille Atoll.
PTO - New Guinea: Day 123 of 219 of the Battle of Shaggy Ridge. 5th Air Force provides air support.
PTO - New Guinea: Day 120 of 162 of the Battle of the Huon Peninsula. 5th Air Force provides air support.
PTO - New Guinea: Day 36 of 597 of the Battle of New Britain. US 13th Air Force provides air support.
PTO - Solomon Islands: Day 80 of 295 of the Battle of the Bougainville Islands. US 13th Air Force provides air support.
1945 — , January 19
ETO - France: Day 172 of 284 of the Battle of Brittany.
ETO - France: Day 127 of 236 of the Siege of Dunkirk.
ETO - Belgium: Day 35 of 41 of the Battle of the Bulge. US 9th Air Force provides air support.
ETO - Belgium: Day 20 of 26 of Operation NORDWIND, the last major German offensive of World War II on the Western Front.
ETO - Germany: Day 123 of 145 of the Battle of Hürtgen Forest.
Russian Front - Finland: Day 127 of 223 of the Lapland War. Finland and Russia have joined forces to kick the Germans out of Finland's most northern province.
Russian Front - Center: Day 97 of 206 of the Battle of the Courland Pocket in Latvia.
Russian Front - Center: Day 90 of 99 of the Siege of Memel, a border town of Lithuania and East Prussia.
Russian Front - Center: Day 8 of 23 of the Battle along the Vistula and Oder Rivers in central Poland and eastern Germany.
Russian Front - Center: Day 6 of 21 of the Battle of Warsaw, Poland.
Russian Front - South: Day 83 of 108 of the Battle of Budapest, Hungary.
MTO - Yugoslavia: US 15th Air Force B-17s and B-24s attack targets at Brod.
MTO - Italy: US and Royal Air Forces provides air support for the Allied ground units.
CBI: US 14th Air Force attacks targets in Burma, China, and French Indochina.
CBI - Burma: Day 294 of 302 of the Chinese Salween Offensive. US 10th Air Force provides air support.
CBI - Burma: Day 1 of 61 of the Battles of Meiktila and Mandalay.
CBI - China: Day 2,754 of 2,987 of the 2nd Sino-Japanese War.
PTO - Alaska: US 11th Air Force B-24s hit the Japanese Matsuwa and Onnekotan Islands (now Russia).
PTO - Japan: US 20th Air Force B-29s hit the Kawasaki aircraft plant at Akashi.
PTO - Japan: US 7th Air Force B-24s bomb targets on Iwo Jima and Chichi Jima Islands.
PTO - New Guinea: Day 389 of 597 of the Battle of New Britain.
PTO - New Guinea: Day 273 of 481 of the Battle of Western New Guinea.
PTO - Philippines: Day 92 of 299 of the 2nd Battle of the Philippines, aka the Liberation of the Philippines or the Philippines Campaign.
PTO - Philippines: Day 36 of 244 of the Battle of Luzon. 5th Air Force provides air support.
Day-By-Day listings for January 19 were last modified on Wednesday, February 21, 2018