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Selected: January 22
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1932 — , January 22

  • CBI - China: Day 127 of 154 of the Japanese Invasion of Manchuria.

1933 — , January 22

  • CBI - China: Day 22 of 142 of the 1st Battle of Hebei.

1937 — , January 22

  • Spain: Day 190 of 985 of the Spanish Civil War.

1938 — , January 22

  • Spain: Day 555 of 985 of the Spanish Civil War.
  • CBI - China: Day 200 of 2,987 of the 2nd Sino-Japanese War.
    • Day 45 of 54 of the Battle of Nanking.
    • Day 41 of 50 of the Rape of Nanking.

1939 — , January 22

  • Spain: Day 920 of 985 of the Spanish Civil War.
  • CBI - China: Day 565 of 2,987 of the 2nd Sino-Japanese War.

1940 — , January 22

  • Atlantic: The Destroyer HMS EXMOUTH is torpedoed off Wick, Scotland, by U-22. All hands killed.
  • Finland: Day 54 of 105 of the Russo-Finnish War.
  • CBI - China: Day 930 of 2,987 of the 2nd Sino-Japanese War.
    • Day 69 of 381 of the Battle of South Guangxi.

1941 — , January 22

  • ETO - UK: Day 139 of 258 of the Blitz.
  • MTO: The Destroyer HMS HYPERION is sunk by a mine off Cape Bon in the Mediterranean.
  • MTO - North Africa: Day 45 of 63 of the UK's Operation COMPASS, their campaign in North Africa against the Italians in Egypt and Libya. Tobruk, Libya, surrenders to British and Australian troops who capture 25,000 Italians, along with 208 guns and 87 tanks. Combined British and Australian losses are about 450.
  • East Africa: Day 227 of 537 of Italy's East African campaign in the lands south of Egypt.
  • CBI - China: Day 1,296 of 2,987 of the 2nd Sino-Japanese War.
  • CBI - Thailand: Day 114 of 221 of the Franco-Thai War (Vichy France vs Thailand).

1942 — , January 22

  • Atlantic: Day 9 of 169 of Germany's Second "Happy Time," during which U-boats sink 609 Allied ships with little risk.
  • Russian Front - North: Day 137 of 872 of the Siege of Leningrad.
  • Russian Front - North: Day 14 of 29 of the Battle of Toropets, Russia. A failed attempt to break the siege at Leningrad.
  • Russian Front - Center: Day 15 of 103 of the Battle of Vyazma, Russia.
  • Russian Front - Center: Day 15 of 103 of the Battle of Sychevsk, Russia.
  • Russian Front - South: Day 85 of 248 of the Siege of Sevastopol, Crimean Peninsula. All German attacks against Sevastopol are stopped for the winter.
  • MTO - Libya: German panzers capture Ajdabiya and trap elements of the British 1st Armoured Division in the Antelat-Sannu area, destroying about 70 of their tanks.
  • CBI - Burma: Day 40 of 164 of Japan's Invasion of Burma.
  • CBI - China: Day 1,661 of 2,987 of the 2nd Sino-Japanese War.
    • Day 30 of 99 of the 3rd Battle of Changsha.
  • CBI - Malaya: Day 46 of 55 of the Battle of British Malaya. Reinforcements reach Singapore with an Indian Brigade landing.
  • PTO - Borneo: Day 38 of 107 of the Battle of Borneo. US 5th Air Force B-17s launch a 12 day bombing campaign against shipping moving through Makassar Strait between Borneo and Celebes Island.
  • PTO - New Guinea: The Japanese bomb New Guinea for the first time.
  • PTO - Philippines: Day 46 of 152 of the 1st Battle of the Philippines. General MacArthur orders the withdrawal of US and Filipino troops to the Bagac-Orion line. This becomes the final defensive position in Bataan.

1943 — , January 22

  • ETO: US 8th Air Force: Flying borrowed Spitfires, the US 4th Fighter Group fly escort for RAF Bostons on their missions.
  • Russian Front - North: Day 502 of 872 of the Siege of Leningrad.
  • Russian Front - North: Day 11 of 19 of USSR's Operation ISKRA (Operation SPARK) on the southern shore of Lake Ladoga, north of Leningrad. This Soviet victory will help ease the siege at Leningrad a little bit more.
  • Russian Front - North: Day 263 of 658 of the Siege of the Kholm Pocket, USSR lays siege to the Kholm Pocket but the Germans hold out for a about a year and a half.
  • Russian Front - South: Day 154 of 165 of the Battle of Stalingrad, bloodiest battle in human history.
  • Russian Front - South: Day 42 of 69 of the USSR's Operation LITTLE SATURN. A successful drive into the Northern Caucasus and the Donets Basin pushing the Axis troops out.
  • MTO - Libya: The British 8th Army advances to within 17 miles of Tripoli. RAF and US Air Forces provide air support.
  • MTO - Tunisia: Day 67 of 178 of the Battle of Tunisia. RAF and US Air Forces provide Allied air support.
  • CBI - Burma: Day 33 of 104 of the 1st Battle of Arakan. US 10th Air Force provides air support.
  • CBI - China: Day 2,026 of 2,987 of the 2nd Sino-Japanese War.
  • PTO - Alaska: Day 230 of 435 of the Battle of Kiska, Aleutian Islands.
  • PTO - Malaya: Day 338 of 357 of the Battle of Timor Island, a long guerrilla war ending in Japanese victory.
  • PTO - New Guinea: Day 65 of 66 of the Battle of Buna-Gona. The Allies defeat the Japanese troops at Sanananda, thus establishing a foothold to stall any future Japanese invasion attempts on Australia. The US 5th Air Force provides air support.
  • PTO - Solomon Islands: Day 169 of 187 of the Battle of Guadalcanal. The US makes important gains in the battle around Henderson Field. US 13th Air Force provides air support.

1944 — , January 22

  • MTO - Italy: Day 1 of 136 of the Battle of Anzio. In an effort to end the costly stalemate at Monte Cassino, the US 5th Army lands two divisions against German forces at Anzio, 30 miles South of Rome.
    Spotlight...

    157th Infantry troops are delivered to the beaches of Anzio

    The success of an amphibious landing at Anzio, in a basin substantially comprising reclaimed marshland and surrounded by mountains, depended completely on the element of surprise and the swiftness with which the invaders could move relative to the reaction time of the defenders. Any delay could result in the occupation of the mountains by the defenders and the consequent entrapment of the invaders.

    Lieutenant General Mark Clark, commander of the US Fifth Army, understood that risk, but Clark did not pass on his appreciation of the situation to his subordinate, General Lucas, who preferred to take time to entrench against an expected counter attack. The initial landing achieved complete surprise with no opposition and a jeep patrol even made it as far as the outskirts of Rome. Despite that report, Lucas, who had little confidence in the operation as planned, failed to capitalize on the element of surprise by delaying his advance until he judged his position was sufficiently consolidated and his troops ready.

    As a result, what might have been a quick, decisive victory turned into months of heavy fighting. The Allies will not break out until May and the Battle of Anzio will not be concluded until the Fall of Rome on 05 June 44.

    Related WWII Store items...

  • Russian Front - North: Day 867 of 872 of the Siege of Leningrad.
  • Russian Front - North: Day 628 of 658 of the Siege of the Kholm Pocket. USSR lays siege to the Kholm Pocket but the Germans hold out for a about a year and a half.
  • Russian Front - North: Day 9 of 48 of the Battle toward the Narva River, Estonia. This drive helps lift the Leningrad siege and liberate Narva.
  • Russian Front - North: Day 9 of 17 of the Battle of Krasnoye Selo-Ropsha, Russia (Operation JANUARY THUNDER). This victory will push the German line west of Leningrad back far enough so the Russians can reopen the Moscow-Leningrad railroad.
  • Russian Front - North: Day 9 of 33 of the Battle of Luga, Russia. Taking this town west of Leningrad will open the door toward Estonia.
  • Russian Front - South: Day 30 of 113 of the USSR's Dnieper-Carpathian Offensive in southwestern Ukraine.
  • MTO - Italy: Day 6 of 123 of the Battle of Monte Cassino. RAF and US Air Forces provides air support for the Allied ground troops.
  • CBI - Burma: Day 24 of 99 of the 2nd Battle of Arakan.
  • CBI - Burma: US 10th Air Force provides ground support for the Allied troops.
  • CBI - China: Day 2,391 of 2,987 of the 2nd Sino-Japanese War.
    • US 14th Air Force warplanes attack the newly opened Nanchang airfield, killing about 20 soldiers while destroying an airplane and a truck.
  • PTO - Marshall Islands: US 7th Air Force bombs several islands in the Marshalls.
  • PTO - New Guinea: Day 126 of 219 of the Battle of Shaggy Ridge. 5th Air Force provides air support.
  • PTO - New Guinea: Day 123 of 162 of the Battle of the Huon Peninsula. 5th Air Force provides air support.
  • PTO - New Guinea: Day 39 of 597 of the Battle of New Britain. US 13th Air Force provides air support.
  • PTO - Solomon Islands: Day 83 of 295 of the Battle of the Bougainville Islands. US 13th Air Force provides air support.

1945 — , January 22

  • ETO - France: Day 175 of 284 of the Battle of Brittany.
  • ETO - France: Day 130 of 236 of the Siege of Dunkirk.
  • ETO - Belgium: Day 38 of 41 of the Battle of the Bulge. US 9th Air Force provides air support.
  • ETO - Belgium: Day 23 of 26 of Operation NORDWIND, the last major German offensive of World War II on the Western Front.
  • ETO - Germany: Day 126 of 145 of the Battle of Hürtgen Forest.
  • ETO - Germany: US 8th Air Force B-17s bomb the Holten synthetic oil plant at Sterkrade.
  • ETO: Day 3 of 66 of the Battle to the Rhine. US 9th Air Force provides air support.
  • Russian Front - Finland: Day 130 of 223 of the Lapland War. Finland and Russia have joined forces to kick the Germans out of Finland's most northern province.
  • Russian Front - Center: Day 100 of 206 of the Battle of the Courland Pocket in Latvia.
  • Russian Front - Center: Day 93 of 99 of the Siege of Memel, a border town of Lithuania and East Prussia. Soviet troops capture Insterburg and Allenstein in East Prussia.
  • Russian Front - Center: Day 11 of 23 of the Battle along the Vistula and Oder Rivers in central Poland and eastern Germany.
  • Russian Front - Center: Day 9 of 21 of the Battle of Warsaw, Poland.
  • Russian Front - South: Day 86 of 108 of the Battle of Budapest, Hungary.
  • MTO - Italy: US and Royal Air Forces provides air support for the Allied ground units.
  • CBI - Burma: Day 297 of 302 of the Chinese Salween Offensive. The land route from India to China through Burma (aka the Burma Road) is declared free of Japanese troops and now open to convoys. US 10th Air Force provides air support.
  • CBI - Burma: Day 4 of 61 of the Battles of Meiktila and Mandalay. The US 10th Air Force provides air support,
  • CBI - Burma: Day 2 of 39 of the Battle of Ramree Island. The US 10th Air Force provides air support
  • CBI - China: Day 2,757 of 2,987 of the 2nd Sino-Japanese War.
    • US 14th Air Force attacks various targets in the Wanting area and throughout southwest China.
  • PTO - Formosa: US 5th Air Force B-24s bomb Heito Airfield.
  • PTO - Japan: US 7th Air Force B-24s bomb targets on Iwo Jima.
  • PTO - New Guinea: Day 392 of 597 of the Battle of New Britain.
  • PTO - New Guinea: Day 276 of 481 of the Battle of Western New Guinea.
  • PTO - Philippines: Day 95 of 299 of the 2nd Battle of the Philippines, aka the Liberation of the Philippines or the Philippines Campaign.
  • PTO - Philippines: Day 39 of 244 of the Battle of Luzon. 5th Air Force provides air support.

Day-By-Day listings for January 22 were last modified on Thursday, January 28, 2016
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