CBI - China: Day 144 of 154 of the Japanese Invasion of Manchuria.
CBI - China: Day 12 of 41 of the 1st Battle of Shanghai.
1933 — , February 8
CBI - China: Day 39 of 142 of the 1st Battle of Hebei.
1937 — , February 8
Spain: Day 207 of 985 of the Spanish Civil War.
1938 — , February 8
Spain: Day 572 of 985 of the Spanish Civil War.
CBI - China: Day 217 of 2,987 of the 2nd Sino-Japanese War.
Day 2 of 124 of the Battle of Henan.
1939 — , February 8
Spain: Day 937 of 985 of the Spanish Civil War.
CBI - China: Day 582 of 2,987 of the 2nd Sino-Japanese War.
1940 — , February 8
Finland: Day 71 of 105 of the Russo-Finnish War.
CBI - China: Day 947 of 2,987 of the 2nd Sino-Japanese War.
Day 86 of 381 of the Battle of South Guangxi.
Day 12 of 67 of the Battle of Wuyuan.
1941 — , February 8
Atlantic: U-boats sink 2 merchant ships.
ETO - UK: Day 156 of 258 of the Blitz.
MTO - Italy: The Royal Navy bombards Genoa without any hindrance from the Italian Navy or Air force.
MTO - North Africa: Day 62 of 63 of the UK's Operation COMPASS, their campaign in North Africa against the Italians in Egypt and Libya. The first convoy of the newly formed Afrika Korps under the command of Lieutenant General Rommel leaves Naples bound for Tripoli.
East Africa: Day 244 of 537 of Italy's East African campaign in the lands south of Egypt.
East Africa - Eritrea: Day 4 of 56 of the Battle of Keren.
CBI - China: Day 1,313 of 2,987 of the 2nd Sino-Japanese War.
Day 10 of 31 of the Battle of South Henan.
CBI - Thailand: Day 131 of 221 of the Franco-Thai War (Vichy France vs Thailand).
1942 — , February 8
Germany: Dr Fritz Todt, chief designer of the German autobahn and Third Reich minister for armaments and munitions, is killed in a JU-52 that crashes and explodes shortly after takeoff.
Autobahns were useful as Nazi parade routes, too
The popular notion is that Hitler's Nazi Germany "invented" the high-speed, multi-lane, controlled-access, divided highway. Sorry, folks, but technically that distinction goes to the USA with the 1908 opening of the Long Island Motor Parkway, a private venture toll road on Long Island, New York. It was the first roadway designed for automobile use only and featured overpasses and bridges to remove intersections, although it did allow some left turns here and there.
Sixteen years later in 1924, Fascist Italy's Mussolini opened his 80-mile autostrada running from Milan to Varese. Germany didn't begin to build its first 19-mile autobahn, which ran between Cologne and Bonn, until 1932, a year before Hitler was appointed Chancellor.
Dr Fritz Todt and his Führer looking over a model of an autobahn bridge
It is true that about a quarter of Germany's current 6,830 mile autobahn network was originally built during the Third Reich. However, the early planning and design work was done by others. Hitler and his chief civil engineer Dr Fritz Todt proceeded with autobahn construction in 1933, the year Hitler and the Nazis came to power. Hitler quickly realized the propaganda value he could get from promoting the autobahn. He and the Nazis found it easy to take credit for the earlier work of others and make it seem that it was all the Führer's own idea.
A German autobahn in 1943
As war became ominous, many in the German military objected to these superhighways because they might point the way for enemy aircraft seeking German cities.
President Dwight D Eisenhower is said to have been inspired in part by the autobahn when he signed a bill to create the US interstate highway system in 1956. Though not entirely true, go ahead and credit the autobahn for that.
Dates related to roads and highways...
08 Feb 42: Chief designer of the German autobahn killed in plane crash
08 Mar 42: Construction of the Alaska (Alcan) Highway gets underway
29 Jun 56: Eisenhower signs bill creating US Interstate System
Atlantic: Day 26 of 169 of Germany's Second "Happy Time," during which U-boats sink 609 Allied ships with little risk.
Russian Front - North: Day 154 of 872 of the Siege of Leningrad.
Russian Front - North: Day 1 of 102 of the Battle of the Demyansk Pocket, another failed attempt to break the siege at Leningrad.
Russian Front - North: Day 17 of 103 of the Battle of the Kholm Pocket. Another attempt to break the siege at Leningrad.
Russian Front - Center: Day 32 of 103 of the Battle of Vyazma, Russia.
Russian Front - Center: Day 32 of 103 of the Battle of Sychevsk, Russia.
Russian Front - South: Day 102 of 248 of the Siege of Sevastopol, Crimean Peninsula. All German attacks against Sevastopol are stopped for the winter.
CBI - Burma: Day 57 of 164 of Japan's Invasion of Burma.
CBI - China: Day 1,678 of 2,987 of the 2nd Sino-Japanese War.
Day 47 of 99 of the 3rd Battle of Changsha.
CBI - Java: Day 10 of 17 of the Battle of Singapore. The Japanese land on the western side of the island Island encountering only minimal resistance.
PTO - Borneo: Day 55 of 107 of the Battle of Borneo.
PTO - New Guinea: Day 17 of 18 of the Battle of Rabaul, New Britain Island.
PTO - Philippines: Day 63 of 152 of the 1st Battle of the Philippines. 5th Air Force provides air support.
1943 — , February 8
Russian Front - North: Day 519 of 872 of the Siege of Leningrad.
Russian Front - North: Day 280 of 658 of the Siege of the Kholm Pocket, USSR lays siege to the Kholm Pocket but the Germans hold out for a about a year and a half.
Russian Front - South: Day 59 of 69 of the USSR's Operation LITTLE SATURN. A successful drive into the Northern Caucasus and the Donets Basin pushing the Axis troops out. Soviets retake Kursk and continue pushing parts of German Army Groups South and Centre backwards.
MTO - Italy: US 9th Air Force B-24s attack ferry installations at Messina.
MTO - Tunisia: Day 84 of 178 of the Battle of Tunisia. RAF and US Air Forces provide Allied air support.
CBI - Burma: Day 50 of 104 of the 1st Battle of Arakan. US 10th Air Force provides air support.
CBI - Burma: Day 1 of 79 of the Allied Operation LONGCLOTH.
CBI - China: Day 2,043 of 2,987 of the 2nd Sino-Japanese War.
PTO - Alaska: Day 247 of 435 of the Battle of Kiska, Aleutian Islands. US 11th Air Force B-24s and B-25s bomb the Kiska Camp area and North Head.
PTO - Malaya: Day 355 of 357 of the Battle of Timor Island, a long guerrilla war ending in Japanese victory. Allies continue evacuating off the island.
PTO - Solomon Islands: Day 186 of 187 of the Battle of Guadalcanal. US 13th Air Force provides air support. The Japanese have almost finished up their evacuation so this hard fought battle is pretty much done.
1944 — , February 8
USA: Major Westray Battle Boyce, WAC Staff Director under General Eisenhower, is promoted to Lieutenant Colonel and awarded the Legion of Merit, becoming the first woman in the United States Army to receive the medal.
This spotlight is under construction. Be patient.
06 Apr 46 photo of Colonel Westray Battle Boyce in front of a map depicting all the places the WACs served during World War II