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Selected: May 30
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1934 — , May 30

  • Germany: Rejecting the authority of the new Reich Bishop, Ludwig Müller, representatives of almost half of the Evangelical Churches in Germany meet at Barmen in Westphalia where they declare a break-away Confessing Church, which is dedicated to resisting Nazification of German churches.

1937 — , May 30

  • Spain: Day 318 of 985 of the Spanish Civil War.

1938 — , May 30

  • Germany: German generals update the Case GREEN military scenario, which is now being used as the invasion plan for Czechoslovakia.
  • Spain: Day 683 of 985 of the Spanish Civil War.
  • CBI - China: Day 328 of 2,987 of the 2nd Sino-Japanese War.
    • Day 113 of 124 of the Battle of Henan.

1939 — , May 30

  • CBI - China: Day 693 of 2,987 of the 2nd Sino-Japanese War.
  • CBI - Mongolia: Day 20 of 129 of the Battle of Khalkhin Gol, a border dispute between the Soviet Union and Japan.

1940 — , May 30

  • USA: President Roosevelt rejects a request from the US Ambassador to France which asked for a US fleet to move into the Mediterranean Sea, saying it needs to stay in the Pacific to maintain peace.
  • UK: Operation FISH: A Royal Navy task force leaves Britain with a total of £60 million of gold, heading for Canada for safe keeping.
  • Atlantic: German sub U-101 sinks the British ship STANHALL off Cape Finisterre, Spain.
  • ETO - Norway: Day 52 of 63 of the Battle of Norway. Allied troops begin pushing the Germans out of the Narvik region toward Sweden.
  • ETO - France: Day 21 of 44 of the Battle of France. Day 4 of 9 of Britain's Operation DYNAMO, the evacuation of Dunkirk. Another 53,823 troops are evacuated in spite of constant Luftwaffe attacks on the rescue ships and boats.
  • MTO - Italy: Benito Mussolini advises Adolf Hitler that Italy is ready to enter the war.
  • CBI - China: Day 1,059 of 2,987 of the 2nd Sino-Japanese War.
    • Day 198 of 381 of the Battle of South Guangxi.
    • Day 30 of 49 of the Battle of Yichang.

1941 — , May 30

  • Atlantic: German sub U-106 sinks the British ship SILVERYEW near the Cape Verde Islands. German sub U-38 sinks the British ship EMPIRE PROTECTOR off Sierra Leone, British West Africa.
  • MTO - Greece: Day 11 of 13 of the Battle of Crete. The British evacuation continues under heavy air attacks.
  • MTO - Libya: Day 51 of 256 of the Siege of Tobruk.
  • MTO - Egypt: Grand Admiral Erich Raeder recommends to Adolf Hitler that he should attack the Suez Canal.
  • Middle East: Day 29 of 30 of the Anglo-Iraqi War in Iraq. British and Indian troops reach the outskirts of Baghdad, causing Rashid Ali's government to collapse. Ali flees into Persia (Iran).
  • East Africa: Day 355 of 537 of Italy's East African campaign in the lands south of Egypt.
  • CBI - China: Day 1,424 of 2,987 of the 2nd Sino-Japanese War.

1942 — , May 30

  • Atlantic: Day 137 of 169 of Germany's Second "Happy Time," during which U-boats sink 609 Allied ships with little risk.
    • U-404 sinks the US freighter ALCOA SHIPPER east of Delaware.
  • ETO - Germany: The RAF makes their first thousand-plane raid against Germany (the actual count was 1,046) hitting Cologne, killing 486, injuring about 5,000, and making nearly 60,000 more homeless.
  • USSR: Stalin finally approves the establishment of a Central Staff for Partisan Warfare under the direction of Byelorussian Communist Party Secretary Pantelymon Ponomarenko. The irregulars will now be organized along the military lines with Soviet Commanders and NKVD officials to run them.
  • Russian Front - North: Day 265 of 872 of the Siege of Leningrad.
  • Russian Front - North: Day 26 of 658 of the Siege of the Kholm Pocket.
  • Russian Front - Center: Day 2 of 31 of Operation KREMLIN, a German diversion to trick the Soviets into thinking Moscow is their main objective instead of Stalingrad and the Caucasus.
  • Russian Front - South: Day 213 of 248 of the Siege of Sevastopol, Crimean Peninsula.
  • MTO - Libya: Day 5 of 27 of the Battle of Gazala. The Afrika Korps takes up defensive positions in the Cauldron, preparing to attempt to punch through the Gazala line.
  • East Africa: Day 26 of 186 of the Battle of Madagascar. British battleship HMS RAMILLIES is torpedoed in Diego Saurez harbor by Japanese midget submarines, but she will be repaired and rejoin the war.
  • CBI - China: Day 1,789 of 2,987 of the 2nd Sino-Japanese War.
    • Day 16 of 124 of Japan's Zhejiang-Jiangxi Campaign, launched to punish anyone suspected of aiding the Doolittle raiders in China. Roughly 250,000 Chinese will be killed.
  • CBI - India: The Chinese 38th Division moves into India.
  • PTO - Malaya: Day 101 of 357 of the Battle of Timor Island.
  • PTO - Midway: The Japanese intercept, but cannot decode, a report by the USS CUTTLEFISH returning from patrol near Saipan in the Mariana Islands. The Japanese Navy 6th Fleet also reports monitoring messages exchanged by two American task groups located 170 miles north-northeast of Midway and moving westwards. Admiral Yamamoto suggests that this information be relayed to the First Air Fleet flagship carrier AKAGI, but it is decided not to break radio silence. Meanwhile, to the north, the transport fleet of the Japanese Aleutian invasion fleet sets sail from the main island of Honshu of the Japanese home islands.
  • PTO - Midway: Admiral Nimitz orders his Task Force, consisting of the carrier USS YORKTOWN, 2 cruisers and 6 destroyers, to set sail for Midway and meet Admiral Spruance's force there.
  • PTO - Midway: US 7th Air Force B-17s stationed in Hawaii fly to Midway Island in the face of an expected attack on that island.

1943 — , May 30

  • MTO - Italy: African-American fighter pilots known as the Tuskegee Airmen see their first combat action when the 332nd Fighter Group attacks the small island of Pantelleria in the Mediterranean to clear sea lanes for the Allied invasion of Sicily scheduled for July.
    Spotlight...

    Tuskegee Airmen gathered at a US base after
    a mission in the Mediterranean theater, 1943

    The Tuskegee Airmen were the first African-American military aviators in the United States armed forces. During World War II, African-Americans in many US states were still subject to the Jim Crow laws. The American military was racially segregated, as was much of the federal government. The Tuskegee Airmen were subjected to racial discrimination, both within and outside the army. Despite these adversities, they trained and flew with distinction.

    Tuskegee Institute, Alabama, was awarded the US Army Air Corps contract to help train America's first Black military aviators because it had already invested in the development of an airfield, had a proven civilian pilot training program and its graduates performed highest on flight aptitude exams.

    From 1941 to 1946, a total of 992 black pilots were trained at Tuskegee. 355 were deployed overseas, and 84 lost their lives in accidents or combat. The toll included 68 pilots killed in action or accidents, 12 killed in training and non-combat missions and 32 captured as prisoners of war. The all-Black, 332nd Fighter Group consisted originally of four fighter squadrons, the 99th, the 100th, the 301st and the 302nd.

    The Airmen's success in escorting bombers during World War II - having one of the lowest loss records of all the escort fighter groups, and being in constant demand for their services by the allied bomber units - is a record unmatched by any other fighter group.

    A restored P-51 Mustang associated with the Tuskegee Airmen, complete with its distinctive red tail

    On 24 March 1945, during the war, the Chicago Defender reported that no bomber escorted by the Tuskegee Airmen had ever been lost to enemy fire, under the headline: "332nd Flies Its 200th Mission Without Loss". Because mission reports were classified for a number of years after the war, the statement went unchallenged and was widely repeated and grew into myth.

    In 2006 - 2007, a reassessment revealed that 25 bombers had been shot down by enemy fighter aircraft while being escorted by the Tuskegee Airmen. The findings do not in any way detract from the incredible record of the Tuskegee Airmen, but merely reinforce that the fortunes of war are indeed indiscriminate.

    The 99th Squadron distinguished itself by being awarded two Presidential Unit Citations (June-July 1943 and May 1944) for outstanding tactical air support and aerial combat in the 12th Air Force in Italy, before joining the 332nd Fighter Group.

    Tuskegee Airmen related dates...

    Dates related to Pantelleria Island...

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  • ETO - UK: The Luftwaffe makes a daylight raid on Torquay, during which one of the planes clips the spire of St Mary's Church, causing it to crash into nearby homes, killing 21 children.
  • Russian Front - North: Day 630 of 872 of the Siege of Leningrad.
  • Russian Front - North: Day 391 of 658 of the Siege of the Kholm Pocket.
  • MTO - Italy: Day 9 of 20 of the naval and aerial bombardment of Pantelleria Island.
  • MTO - Italy: US 9th Air Force B-24s hit Foggia Airfield while in the Mediterranean, B-25s attack troop concentrations on the northeast slope of Pantelleria.
  • MTO - Italy: US 12th Air Force RAF Wellingtons night bomb on Pantelleria Island which are hit again during the morning by US medium bombers and fighters. During the day B-17s bomb at Pomigliano and Capodichino while P-38s hit at Chilivani.
  • CBI - China: Day 2,154 of 2,987 of the 2nd Sino-Japanese War.
    • Day 19 of 23 of the Battle of West Hubei. US 10th Air Force provides air support.
  • PTO: Day 4 of 47 adrift in a raft for the survivors of B-24 GREEN HORNET that crashed 850 miles from Hawaii.
  • PTO - Alaska: Day 358 of 435 of the Battle of Kiska, Aleutian Islands. Day 20 of 20 of the Battle of Attu. US troops completely secure the island. US 11th Air Force provides air support.
  • PTO - New Guinea: Day 39 of 148 of the 2nd Battle of Lae-Salamaua. US 5th and 13th Air Forces provide air support.

1944 — , May 30

  • ETO: The Allies begin loading their assault forces for Operation OVERLORD, the D-Day invasion of Normandy.
  • ETO: US 8th Air Force B-17s and B-24s bomb aircraft industry targets in Germany and marshalling yards in France and Belgium.
  • ETO - France: US 9th Air Force B-26s attack three airfields and several bridges in France.
  • Russian Front - North: Day 119 of 191 of the Battle of the Narva Isthmus, Estonia. Both German and Soviet troops remain in their defensive positions.
  • Russian Front - South: Day 53 of 60 of the Battle of Romania, 1st Jassy Offensive.
  • MTO: US 15th Air Force bombs targets in Austria and Yugoslavia.
  • MTO - Italy: Day 130 of 136 of the Battle of Anzio. RAF and US Air Forces provide air support. The British 8th Army captures Arce, 15 miles northwest of Cassino, en route to Rome.
  • CBI - Burma: Day 87 of 166 of the UK's Operation THURSDAY. Monsoon season begins and bogs down all operations in Burma.
  • CBI - Burma: Day 82 of 147 of the Battle of Myitkyina. US 10th Air Force provides air support. Monsoon season begins and bogs down all operations in Burma.
  • CBI - Burma: Day 60 of 302 of the Chinese Salween Offensive. US 14th Air Force provides air support. Monsoon season begins and bogs down all operations in Burma.
  • CBI - China: Day 2,520 of 2,987 of the 2nd Sino-Japanese War.
    • Day 44 of 259 of Japan's Operation ICHI-GO.
    • The USS GUITARRO sinks the heavily-escorted cargo ship SHISEN MARU off Formosa.
  • CBI - India: Day 84 of 118 of the Battle of Imphal-Kohima. The Indian 7th Division makes a failed assault on Dyer Hill, Pimple Hill and Big Tree Hill. After suffering heavy casualties, the Japanese cancel their current offensive.
  • PTO - Caroline Islands: The US 7th Air Force bombs targets in the Truk Atoll.
  • PTO - Japan: The USS POMPON sinks the Japanese cargo ship SHIGA MARU off Murotosaki.
  • PTO - Marshall Islands: The US 7th Air Force bombs targets on Ponape Island.
  • PTO - New Guinea: Day 4 of 83 of the Battle of Biak. 5th Air Force provides air support.
  • PTO - New Guinea: Day 168 of 597 of the Battle of New Britain. US 13th Air Force provides air support.
  • PTO - New Guinea: Day 39 of 481 of the Battle of Western New Guinea. 5th Air Force provides air support.
  • PTO - Solomon Islands: Day 212 of 295 of the Battle of the Bougainville Islands. US 13th Air Force provides air support.

1945 — , May 30

  • CBI - Burma: The remainder of General Seiei Yamamoto's troops in Burma are effectively wiped out.
  • CBI - China: Day 2,885 of 2,987 of the 2nd Sino-Japanese War.
    • Day 60 of 91 of the Battle of Zhijiang. US 14th Air Force provides air support. Japanese troops continue pulling out of China.
    • Day 52 of 60 of the Battle of West Hunan (near Zhijiang). Japanese troops continue withdrawing from southern China.
  • PTO: The USS BLENNY sinks a small Japanese craft and a transport ship. Elsewhere, the USS CROAKER attacks a small Japanese convoy, claiming to sink two oilers and an escort vessel, but these sinkings are not confirmed.
  • PTO - Dutch East Indies: Day 30 of 52 of the Battle of Tarakan Island.
  • PTO - Japan: Day 60 of 83 of the Battle of Okinawa.
  • PTO - New Guinea: Day 520 of 597 of the Battle of New Britain. US 10th Air Force provides air support.
  • PTO - New Guinea: Day 404 of 481 of the Battle of Western New Guinea. US 10th Air Force provides air support.
  • PTO - Philippines: Day 222 of 299 of the 2nd Battle of the Philippines, aka the Liberation of the Philippines or the Philippines Campaign.
  • PTO - Philippines: Day 167 of 244 of the Battle of Luzon. 5th Air Force provides air support.
  • PTO - Philippines: Day 82 of 159 of the Battle of Mindanao Island. 5th Air Force provides air support.
  • PTO - Philippines: Day 74 of 135 of the Battle of the Visayas region. US 5th and 7th Air Forces provide air support.

Day-By-Day listings for May 30 were last modified on Wednesday, January 27, 2016
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