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Selected: July 8
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1937 — , July 8

  • Spain: Day 357 of 985 of the Spanish Civil War.
  • CBI - China: Day 2 of 2,987 of the 2nd Sino-Japanese War.
    • Day 2 of 33 of the 2nd Battle of Hebei.
    • Day 2 of 3 of the Lugou Bridge Incident. As the Japanese cabinet meets to find a peaceful solution, their Army has other ideas and begin moving units into the contested area.

1938 — , July 8

  • Spain: Day 722 of 985 of the Spanish Civil War.
  • CBI - China: Day 367 of 2,987 of the 2nd Sino-Japanese War.
    • Day 28 of 139 of the Battle of Wuhan.

1939 — , July 8

  • CBI - China: Day 732 of 2,987 of the 2nd Sino-Japanese War.
    • Day 25 of 68 of the Battle of Tianjin.
  • CBI - Mongolia: Day 59 of 129 of the Battle of Khalkhin Gol, a border dispute between the Soviet Union and Japan.

1940 — , July 8

  • USA: The first large contingent of 350 English children sent from the British Isles to be free of an impending Nazi invasion arrives in New York City as part of Britain's Operation Pied Piper.
    Spotlight...

    350 refugee British children arrive in New York City aboard the British liner Samaria. They are the first large contingent of English children sent from the isles to be free of the impending Nazi invasion.

    This British Operation Pied Piper commenced on Sept 1, 1939, and shipped millions of people, most of them children, to low-risk rural areas in Britain as well as overseas to Canada, South Africa, Australia, New Zealand and the United States. Almost 3 million people were evacuated during the first four days of the operation, making it the biggest and most concentrated population movement in British history.

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  • UK: The British Metropolitan Police is ordered to be armed when guarding important locations.
  • UK: Tea is placed on the ration list at two ounces per person per week.
  • Atlantic: German sub U-99 sinks the British ship HUMBER ARM 60 miles south of Ireland.
  • Atlantic: Operation CATAPULT: British warplanes from carrier HMS HERMES hit the French battleship RICHELIEU at Dakar, French West Africa, for the second consecutive day, even though she is already sunk in the harbor.
  • Sweden: To help insure neutrality, the Swedish government agrees to transport German war material across Sweden into Norway using their railroads.
  • ETO - Germany: The RAF bombs the German heavy cruiser LUTZOW docked at Kiel.
  • MTO: Italian sub MARCONI damages the destroyer HMS EECORT southwest of Minorca, Balearic Islands, in the Mediterranean Sea. The HMS ESCORT sinks later while being towed.
  • East Africa: Day 29 of 537 of Italy's East African campaign in the lands south of Egypt.
  • CBI - China: Day 1,098 of 2,987 of the 2nd Sino-Japanese War.
    • Day 237 of 381 of the Battle of South Guangxi.

1941 — , July 8

  • South America: Day 4 of 27 of the Ecuadorian-Peruvian War, a territorial dispute between Peru and Ecuador.
  • ETO - UK: After sundown, the Luftwaffe bombs Great Yarmouth, Norfolk, England.
  • ETO - Germany: British B-17 bombers are deployed on a combat mission for the first time as three of them attack Wilhelmshaven just before dawn.
  • Germany: Jews in the Baltic states are now forced to wear the Star of David.
  • USSR: Rationing of basic food supplies begins in Moscow, Leningrad and other major Soviet Union cities.
  • Russian Front - Finland: Day 10 of 142 of Operation SILVER FOX, a joint German-Finnish campaign to capture the Russian port of Murmansk in the Arctic.
  • Russian Front - Finland: Day 8 of 140 of Operation ARCTIC FOX, a joint German-Finnish campaign against Soviet Northern Front defenses at Salla, Finland.
  • Russian Front - Finland: Day 17 of 164 of the Battle of Hanko.
  • Russian Front: Day 17 of 167 of Germany's Operation BARBAROSSA, the invasion of the USSR.
  • Russian Front - North: German Army Group North continues advancing toward Novgorod and Leningrad.
  • Russian Front - Center: Day 3 of 31 of the 1st Battle of Smolensk, Russia. German Army Group Centre needs to take this region before taking Moscow.
  • Russian Front - South: Day 7 of 21 of the Battle of Bessarabia, Russia. German and Romanian troops continue their attack at Bessarabia to take the land and city that Romania was forced to cede to the USSR a year ago.
  • Russian Front - South: In Ukraine, German Army Group South continues their drive into southern Russia.
  • Russian Front - South: German and Romanian troops keep advancing toward Vinnitsa and the Black Sea port of Odessa, Ukraine.
  • MTO - Yugoslavia: Germany and Italy announce the dissolution of the state of Yugoslavia, with large portions being annexed to Italy.
  • MTO - Libya: Day 90 of 256 of the Siege of Tobruk.
  • Middle East: Day 31 of 37 of the Battle for Syria and Lebanon.
  • East Africa: Day 394 of 537 of Italy's East African campaign in the lands south of Egypt.
  • CBI - China: Day 1,463 of 2,987 of the 2nd Sino-Japanese War.

1942 — , July 8

  • Atlantic: Day 12 of 14 of Germany's Hunt for Allied Convoy PQ-17. During this hunt, U-boats and the Luftwaffe will sink 24 merchant ships. The remaining convoy has run off into the Arctic Ocean, taking the long way to Russia.
  • Russian Front - Finland: Day 1 of 3 of the Battle of Someri. The Finns repel the Soviet attack at Sommers in the Gulf of Finland.
  • Russian Front - North: Day 304 of 872 of the Siege of Leningrad.
  • Russian Front - North: Day 65 of 658 of the Siege of the Kholm Pocket.
  • Russian Front - Center: Day 7 of 22 of Germany's Operation SEYDLITZ, a plan to trap and capture numerous Soviet troops.
  • Russian Front - South: Day 11 of 27 of the Battle of Voronezh, Russia. The 4th Panzer Army begins moving southeast along the west bank of the Don, hoping to meet up with the 6th Army coming east from Kharkov.
  • Russian Front - South: Day 11 of 150 of Germany's CASE BLUE, the failed offensive to take the Caucasus oil fields.
  • MTO - Malta: Axis bombers carry out bombing raids on the harbor facilities at Valetta.
  • MTO - Egypt: Day 8 of 27 of the 1st Battle of El Alamein. The British begin a string of attacks on Tel el Eisa and Tel el Makh Khad near El Alamein.
  • MTO - Libya: US B-17s hit the harbor at Tobruk and later on during the evening B-24s night bomb the harbor and shipping at Bengasi.
  • East Africa: Day 65 of 186 of the Battle of Madagascar.
  • CBI - China: Day 1,828 of 2,987 of the 2nd Sino-Japanese War.
    • Day 55 of 124 of Japan's Zhejiang-Jiangxi Campaign, launched to punish anyone suspected of aiding the Doolittle raiders in China. Roughly 250,000 Chinese will be killed.
    • US 10th Air Force bombs the Japanese HQ at Tengchung, near the Burma border.
  • PTO - Alaska: Day 32 of 435 of the Battle of Kiska, Aleutian Islands. The Japanese carrier task force withdraws from Alaskan waters after their completion of the Japanese invasion of the Aleutian islands.
  • PTO - Malaya: Day 140 of 357 of the Battle of Timor Island.

1943 — , July 8

  • ETO - France: Captured by the Gestapo, French resistance leader Jean Moulin, while on a train bound for Germany, dies from injuries sustained during his torturous interrogations. The Nazis will declare his death a suicide which, considering his ordeal, may actually be true.
    Spotlight...

    Jean Moulin

    Jean Moulin is remembered today as the highest emblem of the French Resistance, owing mainly to his role in unifying resistance groups under de Gaulle and his courage and death at the hands of the Gestapo.

    In June of 1940, Moulin, as prefect in Chartres in the province of Eure-et-Loir, was arrested for refusing to sign a German document that falsely blamed Senegalese French Army troops for civilian massacres. In prison, he attempted suicide by cutting his throat with a piece of broken glass. This left him with a scar he would often hide with a scarf - the image of Jean Moulin remembered today and shown in the photos above and below.

    In November 1940, the Vichy government ordered all prefects to dismiss left-wing elected mayors of towns and villages. When Moulin refused, he was himself removed from office. He then joined the French Resistance and in September 1941 made his way to England and met with General Charles de Gaulle, who gave him the assignment of unifying the various Resistance groups in France to coordinate their various activities against their German occupiers.

    His task was a difficult one, to say the least, considering the need for absolute secrecy. But he was quite successful.

    In the end, however, he was betrayed and arrested by the Gestapo at a meeting on 21 Jun 43. The identity of his betrayer remains debated.

    Exterior of the Jean Moulin Museum, Paris

    The Jean Moulin Museum and the Memorial to Marshal Leclerc & the Liberation of Paris were opened in 1994 for the 50th anniversary of the liberation of Paris (Leclerc led the Free French forces into Paris on 25 Aug 44, the day before de Gaulle led a parade down the Champs Elysées).

    Together the museums present detailed pictures of France during WWII, Vichy France, Paris under the German Occupation, France's Resistance from 1940 to 1944 and the Resistance in Paris.

    The site of the museums is important; inside the railroad station below, General von Choltitz, the head of the German army in Paris who defied Hitler's order to destroy the city, signed the cease-fire agreement ordering the surrender of the city to the Allies.

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  • Atlantic: German sub U-759 is reported to have been lost, although post-war records will show that she might not had been destroyed until 23 July 1943.
  • Atlantic: US Antisubmarine Command: German sub U-232 is sunk off Portugal by a B-24 of the 2nd Antisubmarine Squadron.
  • Russian Front - North: Day 669 of 872 of the Siege of Leningrad.
  • Russian Front - North: Day 430 of 658 of the Siege of the Kholm Pocket.
  • Russian Front - Center: Day 4 of 50 of the Battle of Kursk, Russia. The two German pincers are unable to make further gains.
  • MTO - Italy: US 9th and 12th Air Forces bombs several targets in Sicily.
  • CBI - China: Day 2,193 of 2,987 of the 2nd Sino-Japanese War.
  • CBI - Indochina: US 14th Air Force attacks shipping, docks and a cement works at Haiphong.
  • PTO: Day 43 of 47 adrift in a raft for the survivors of B-24 GREEN HORNET that crashed 850 miles from Hawaii.
  • PTO - Alaska: Day 397 of 435 of the Battle of Kiska, Aleutian Islands. US 11th Air Force attacks targets on Attu Island.
  • PTO - Marshall Islands: US B-24 Liberators stationed at Midway bomb the Japanese on Wake Island.
  • PTO - New Guinea: Day 78 of 148 of the 2nd Battle of Lae-Salamaua. US 5th and 13th Air Forces provide air support.
  • PTO - Solomon Islands: Day 19 of 67 of the Battle of New Georgia. US 5th and 13th Air Forces provide air support.

1944 — , July 8

  • ETO - UK: Day 26 of 86 of the V-1 "Buzz Bomb" offensive on Britain.
  • ETO - France: Day 33 of 49 of Operation OVERLORD, the Allied invasion of Normandy, France, known forever simply as D-Day. D-Day+32: Allied Air Forces provide air support.
  • ETO - France: Day 33 of 62 of the Battle of Caen. The British 2nd Army begins Operation CHARNWOOD, aimed at capturing Caen.
  • Russian Front - Finland: Day 14 of 15 of the Battle of Tali-Ihantala. This becomes the largest battle in Scandinavian history.
  • Russian Front - Finland: Day 18 of 50 of the Battle of Karelia. Soviet troops continue their offensive against the Finns in eastern Karelia between Lake Ladoga and Lake Onega in northern Russia.
  • Russian Front - North: Day 158 of 191 of the Battle of the Narva Isthmus, Estonia. Both German and Soviet troops remain locked in their defensive positions.
  • Russian Front - Center: Day 4 of 16 of the Battle of Vilnius, Lithuania. German authorities begin evacuating the Jewish ghettos in Kovno, Lithuania.
  • Russian Front - Center: Day 4 of 27 of the Battle of Siauliai, Lithuania.
  • Russian Front - Center: Day 4 of 23 of the Battle of Belostock, Poland.
  • Russian Front - Center: The Soviets capture Baranovichi, Byelorussia, 80 miles southwest of Minsk, as 57,000 Germans surrender.
  • MTO - Austria: US 15th Air Force attacks targets in Austria.
  • MTO - Italy: Day 23 of 34 of the Battle of Ancona (north of Rome). Allied Air Forces provide air support. The Allies begin advancing toward Leghorn.
  • CBI - Burma: Day 126 of 166 of the UK's Operation THURSDAY. US 10th Air Force provides air support.
  • CBI - Burma: Day 121 of 147 of the Battle of Myitkyina. US 10th Air Force provides air support.
  • CBI - Burma: Day 99 of 302 of the Chinese Salween Offensive. US 14th Air Force provides air support.
  • CBI - China: Day 2,559 of 2,987 of the 2nd Sino-Japanese War.
    • Day 83 of 259 of Japan's Operation ICHI-GO.
    • Day 17 of 48 of the Battle of Hengyang. US 14th Air Force provides air support.
  • CBI - India: The last remnants of the Japanese 15th Army withdraws from Imphal and heads back to Chindwin in Burma.
  • PTO - Caroline Islands: US 7th Air Force night bombs in the Truk Atoll and again during the day.
  • PTO - Dutch New Guinea: Day 7 of 61 of the Battle of Noemfoor. Although the island has been declared secured, bitter fighting from Japanese continues.
  • PTO - Mariana Islands: Day 24 of 25 of the Battle of Saipan. US 7th Air Force provides air support.
  • PTO - Mariana Islands: The US Navy begins shelling Guam.
  • PTO - New Guinea: Day 43 of 83 of the Battle of Biak. There are still 3,000 Japanese soldiers on the island who won't give up.
  • PTO - New Guinea: Day 207 of 597 of the Battle of New Britain. US 13th Air Force provides air support.
  • PTO - New Guinea: Day 78 of 481 of the Battle of Western New Guinea. 5th Air Force provides air support.
  • PTO - New Guinea:
  • PTO - New Guinea: Day 25 of 80 of the Battle of Lone Tree Hill.
  • PTO - Solomon Islands: Day 251 of 295 of the Battle of the Bougainville Islands. US 13th Air Force provides air support.

1945 — , July 8

  • USA: American prison guard Clarence Bertucci fires his machine gun at a tent full of sleeping German POWs in Utah, killing 8.
  • CBI: US 14th Air Force attacks targets in French Indochina and at numerous locations in China.
  • CBI - China: Day 2,924 of 2,987 of the 2nd Sino-Japanese War.
  • PTO - Borneo: Day 29 of 67 of the Battle of North Borneo. US 5th and 13th Air Forces provide air support.
  • PTO - Dutch East Indies: Day 8 of 21 of the 2nd Battle of Balikpapan.
  • PTO - Japan: US 20th Air Force attacks target at Hyakuri, Chofu, Tokorozawa and Yachimata.
  • PTO - New Guinea: Day 559 of 597 of the Battle of New Britain. US 10th Air Force provides air support.
  • PTO - New Guinea: Day 443 of 481 of the Battle of Western New Guinea. US 10th Air Force provides air support.
  • PTO - Philippines: Day 261 of 299 of the 2nd Battle of the Philippines, aka the Liberation of the Philippines or the Philippines Campaign.
  • PTO - Philippines: Day 206 of 244 of the Battle of Luzon. The battle is said to over but hold-outs will continue fighting until the end of the war.
  • PTO - Philippines: Day 121 of 159 of the Battle of Mindanao Island. The battle is said to over but hold-outs will continue fighting until the end of the war.
  • PTO - Philippines: Day 113 of 135 of the Battle of the Visayas region. The battle is said to over but hold-outs will continue fighting for several weeks.

1947 — , July 8

  • USA: Report of a UFO crash in New Mexico is published on the front page of the Roswell Daily Record.
    Spotlight...

    The 14 Jun 47 Roswell UFO incident is first reported on the front page of the Roswell Daily Record on this day. It will go on to be the largest slice in all of UFO mythology and will even spawn alleged connections to Nazi weapons technology from the tail end of World War II.

    The Roswell Army Air Field (RAAF) public information officer Walter Haut issued a press release stating that personnel from the field's 509th Operations Group had recovered a "flying disk", which had crashed on a ranch near Roswell. Later that day, however, the press reported that Commanding General of the Eighth Air Force Roger Ramey had stated that a weather balloon had been recovered by the RAAF personnel.

    A press conference was held, featuring debris (foil, rubber and wood) said to be from the crashed object, which seemed to confirm its description as a weather balloon. Subsequently, the incident faded from the attention of UFO researchers for over 30 years, only to begin resurfacing in 1978 amid claims of witnesses stepping forward, books, documentaries and movies being produced and accounts of alien autopsies.

    Fueled by an insatiable public desire to believe in an extraterrestrial connection to the Roswell incident, the myth (and accusations of a government cover-up) continues to grow, refusing to go away despite there being not a single shred of evidence to support this, or any other "flying saucer" claim.

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Day-By-Day listings for July 8 were last modified on Sunday, January 31, 2016
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