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Selected: July 22
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1934 — , July 22

  • Germany: Jews are prohibited from getting legal qualifications.

1936 — , July 22

  • Spain: Day 6 of 985 of the Spanish Civil War. Franco's Nationalist forces capture Alto de Leon northwest of Madrid.

1937 — , July 22

  • Spain: Day 371 of 985 of the Spanish Civil War.
  • CBI - China: Day 16 of 2,987 of the 2nd Sino-Japanese War.
    • Day 16 of 33 of the 2nd Battle of Hebei.
    • Day 9 of 22 of the Battle of Tainjin-Beijing.

1938 — , July 22

  • Spain: Day 736 of 985 of the Spanish Civil War.
  • CBI - China: Day 381 of 2,987 of the 2nd Sino-Japanese War.
    • Day 42 of 139 of the Battle of Wuhan.

1939 — , July 22

  • CBI - China: Day 746 of 2,987 of the 2nd Sino-Japanese War.
    • Day 39 of 68 of the Battle of Tianjin.
  • CBI - Mongolia: Day 73 of 129 of the Battle of Khalkhin Gol, a border dispute between the Soviet Union and Japan.

1940 — , July 22

  • UK: The Special Operations Executive (SOE) is created to conduct warfare by means other than direct military engagement. SOE's mission is to encourage and facilitate espionage and sabotage behind enemy lines and to serve as the core of the Auxiliary Units, a British resistance movement. SOE will develop a wide range of equipment for clandestine use, such as folding motorbikes, silenced pistols and mini-submarines.
    Spotlight...

    An ingenious SOE gadget: the folding "Welbike"

    The name Welbike comes from the area of its development, an hour north of London in Welwyn, Hertfordshire. The idea, cooked up by the British Army's clandestine force, Special Operations Executive (SOE), was that paratroopers needed a way to quickly move about the countryside after parachuting into a location. The finished bike needed to fit inside a standard parachute airdrop container 51 inches long, 15 inches high and 12 inches wide. To fit comfortably inside the small container, the Welbike had no suspension, lighting system and just a rear brake (some assembly required).

    Related WWII Store items...

  • UK: Lord Halifax publicly rejects Hitler's peace proposals made on the 19th.
  • ETO - UK: Day 13 of 114 of the Battle of Britain. The Luftwaffe makes no attacks during the day even though the weather is good. After sundown, they bomb several coastal towns.
  • East Africa: Day 43 of 537 of Italy's East African campaign in the lands south of Egypt.
  • PTO - Japan: General Hideki Tojo is appointed Army Minister in Japanese Prime Minister Fumimaro Konoe's new cabinet. As such, he continues to expand the war with China.
  • CBI - China: Day 1,112 of 2,987 of the 2nd Sino-Japanese War.
    • Day 251 of 381 of the Battle of South Guangxi.

1941 — , July 22

  • South America: Day 18 of 27 of the Ecuadorian-Peruvian War, a territorial dispute between Peru and Ecuador.
  • Central America - Panama: The last Japanese ship departs from the Panama Canal Zone.
  • ETO - France: Vichy France makes a new law requiring Jews to register their businesses, which in effect excludes all Jews from commerce and industry.
  • Russian Front - Finland: Day 24 of 142 of Operation SILVER FOX, a joint German-Finnish campaign to capture the Russian port of Murmansk in the Arctic.
  • Russian Front - Finland: Day 22 of 140 of Operation ARCTIC FOX, a joint German-Finnish campaign against Soviet Northern Front defenses at Salla, Finland.
  • Russian Front - Finland: Day 31 of 164 of the Battle of Hanko.
  • Russian Front - Finland: Day 13 of 18 of Finland's reconquest of Ladoga, Karelia. The Finns continue their offensive on Lake Ladoga northeast of Leningrad.
  • Russian Front: Day 31 of 167 of Germany's Operation BARBAROSSA, the invasion of the USSR.
  • Russian Front - North: Heavy fighting between German and Soviet troops continues near Lake Peipus outside Leningrad.
  • Russian Front - Center: Day 17 of 31 of the 1st Battle of Smolensk, Russia.
  • Russian Front - Center: Day 10 of 12 of the Battle of Zhlobin, Belarus.
  • Russian Front - South: Day 8 of 25 of the Battle of Uman, Ukraine.
  • Russian Front - South: Day 21 of 21 of the Battle of Bessarabia, Russia. German and Romanian troops continue their attack at Bessarabia to take the land and city that Romania was forced to cede to the USSR a year ago.
  • Russian Front - South: German and Romanian troops keep pushing toward Vinnitsa and the Black Sea port of Odessa, Ukraine.
  • MTO - Italy: Italian Count Galeazzo Ciano notes in his diary that Benito Mussolini has staged a mock air raid over Rome with anti-aircraft guns actually firing.
  • MTO - Libya: Day 104 of 256 of the Siege of Tobruk.
  • East Africa: Day 408 of 537 of Italy's East African campaign in the lands south of Egypt.
  • CBI - China: Day 1,477 of 2,987 of the 2nd Sino-Japanese War.

1942 — , July 22

  • Germany: The Treblinka concentration camp is opened, which initiates new deportations from the Warsaw Ghetto. Elsewhere, the deportation of Belgian Jews to Auschwitz begins.
  • Russian Front - North: Day 318 of 872 of the Siege of Leningrad.
  • Russian Front - North: Day 79 of 658 of the Siege of the Kholm Pocket.
  • Russian Front - Center: Day 21 of 22 of Germany's Operation SEYDLITZ, a plan to trap and capture numerous Soviet troops.
  • Russian Front - South: Day 25 of 27 of the Battle of Voronezh, Russia. German Army Group South attack Rostov-on-Don (Rostov on the Don River).
  • Russian Front - South: Day 25 of 150 of Germany's CASE BLUE, the failed offensive to take the Caucasus oil fields.
  • MTO - Greece: US B-24s bomb Suda Bay, hitting 2 vessels.
  • MTO - Egypt: Day 22 of 27 of the 1st Battle of El Alamein. New Zealand troops are counter-attacked and suffer heavy casualties.
  • East Africa: Day 79 of 186 of the Battle of Madagascar.
  • CBI - China: Day 1,842 of 2,987 of the 2nd Sino-Japanese War.
    • Day 69 of 124 of Japan's Zhejiang-Jiangxi Campaign, launched to punish anyone suspected of aiding the Doolittle raiders in China. Roughly 250,000 Chinese will be killed.
  • PTO - Alaska: Day 46 of 435 of the Battle of Kiska, Aleutian Islands. US 11th Air Force bombs targets on Kiska Island.
  • PTO - Malaya: Day 154 of 357 of the Battle of Timor Island.
  • PTO - New Guinea: Day 2 of 119 of the Battle of the Kokoda Track. 5th Air Force provides air support.

1943 — , July 22

  • Russian Front - North: Day 683 of 872 of the Siege of Leningrad.
  • Russian Front - North: Day 444 of 658 of the Siege of the Kholm Pocket.
  • Russian Front - Center: Day 18 of 50 of the Battle of Kursk, Russia.
  • Russian Front - Center: Day 11 of 38 of the Battle of Orel, Russia.
  • Russian Front - South: Day 10 of 48 of the USSR's Lvov-Sandomierz Offensive. Soviet attacks cut the German pocket at Brody into two and all resistance ends.
  • MTO - Italy: Day 14 of 40 of the Battle of Sicily. RAF and US Air Forces provide air support. US troops capture Palermo and Bompietro, surrounding 45,000 Italian troops in western Sicily.
  • CBI - China: Day 2,207 of 2,987 of the 2nd Sino-Japanese War.
  • PTO - Alaska: Day 411 of 435 of the Battle of Kiska, Aleutian Islands. US 11th Air Force bombs at North Head, Main Camp and the submarine base at Kiska Island and targets on Little Kiska.
  • PTO - New Guinea: Day 92 of 148 of the 2nd Battle of Lae-Salamaua. US 5th and 13th Air Forces provide air support.
  • PTO - Solomon Islands: Day 33 of 67 of the Battle of New Georgia. US 5th and 13th Air Forces provide air support.

1944 — , July 22

  • ETO - UK: Day 40 of 86 of the V-1 "Buzz Bomb" offensive on Britain.
  • ETO - France: Day 47 of 49 of Operation OVERLORD, the Allied invasion of Normandy, France, known forever simply as D-Day. D-Day+46: Allied Air Forces provide air support.
  • ETO - France: Day 47 of 62 of the Battle of Caen.
  • Russian Front - Finland: Day 32 of 50 of the Battle of Karelia. Soviet troops continue their offensive against the Finns in eastern Karelia between Lake Ladoga and Lake Onega in northern Russia.
  • Russian Front - North: Day 172 of 191 of the Battle of the Narva Isthmus, Estonia. Both German and Soviet troops remain locked in their defensive positions.
  • Russian Front - Center: Day 18 of 27 of the Battle of Siauliai, Lithuania. The Soviets capture Panevezys, Lithuania.
  • Russian Front - Center: Day 18 of 23 of the Battle of Belostock, Poland.
  • Russian Front - Center: Day 10 of 15 of the Battle of Lvov, Poland. The Brody Pocket is eliminated and Soviets take 17,000 prisoners.
  • Russian Front - Center: Day 10 of 15 of the Battle of Stanislav, Poland.
  • Russian Front - Center: Day 5 of 16 of the Battle of Lublin, Poland.
  • MTO - Romania: US 15th Air Force bombs oil refineries at Ploesti.
  • MTO - Italy: The US 5th Army continues pushing to Pisa.
  • CBI - Burma: Day 140 of 166 of the UK's Operation THURSDAY. US 10th Air Force provides air support.
  • CBI - Burma: Day 135 of 147 of the Battle of Myitkyina. US 10th Air Force provides air support.
  • CBI - Burma: Day 113 of 302 of the Chinese Salween Offensive. US 14th Air Force provides air support.
  • CBI - China: Day 2,573 of 2,987 of the 2nd Sino-Japanese War.
    • Day 97 of 259 of Japan's Operation ICHI-GO.
    • Day 31 of 48 of the Battle of Hengyang. US 14th Air Force provides air support.
  • PTO - Dutch New Guinea: Day 21 of 61 of the Battle of Noemfoor. Although the island has been declared secured, bitter fighting from Japanese continues.
  • PTO - Japan: Forced to resign as Prime Minister four days earlier, Hideki Tojo is replaced by Kuniaki Koiso.
  • PTO - Mariana Islands: US 7th Air Force bombs on Tinian Island.
  • PTO - Mariana Islands: Day 2 of 21 of the 2nd Battle of Guam.
  • PTO - New Guinea: Day 57 of 83 of the Battle of Biak. There are still 3,000 Japanese soldiers on the island who won't give up.
  • PTO - New Guinea: Day 221 of 597 of the Battle of New Britain. US 13th Air Force provides air support.
  • PTO - New Guinea: Day 92 of 481 of the Battle of Western New Guinea. 5th Air Force provides air support.
  • PTO - New Guinea: Day 39 of 80 of the Battle of Lone Tree Hill.
  • PTO - New Guinea: Day 13 of 47 of the Battle of Driniumor River, a failed Japanese offense on US troops near Aitape.
  • PTO - Solomon Islands: Day 265 of 295 of the Battle of the Bougainville Islands. US 13th Air Force provides air support.

1945 — , July 22

  • CBI - China: Day 2,938 of 2,987 of the 2nd Sino-Japanese War.
    • The USS SEA ROBIN sinks a small Japanese vessel in the East China Sea.
    • US 14th Air Force attacks truck convoys moving through the Siang Chiang Valley.
  • PTO - Borneo: Day 43 of 67 of the Battle of North Borneo. US 5th and 13th Air Forces provide air support.
  • PTO - New Guinea: Day 573 of 597 of the Battle of New Britain. US 10th Air Force provides air support.
  • PTO - New Guinea: Day 457 of 481 of the Battle of Western New Guinea. US 10th Air Force provides air support.
  • PTO - Philippines: Day 275 of 299 of the 2nd Battle of the Philippines, aka the Liberation of the Philippines or the Philippines Campaign.
  • PTO - Philippines: Day 220 of 244 of the Battle of Luzon. The battle is said to over but hold-outs will continue fighting until the end of the war. The first American troops with combat experience in Europe arrive in the Philippines.
  • PTO - Philippines: Day 135 of 159 of the Battle of Mindanao Island. The battle is said to over but hold-outs will continue fighting until the end of the war.
  • PTO - Philippines: Day 127 of 135 of the Battle of the Visayas region. The battle is said to over but hold-outs will continue fighting for several weeks.

1946 — , July 22

  • Middle East: Zionist terrorist Menachem Begin blows up the British headquarters in Palestine.

1948 — , July 22

  • Newfoundland: A referendum shows that 52% of the population are in favor of uniting with Canada.

Day-By-Day listings for July 22 were last modified on Sunday, January 31, 2016
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