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Selected: August 10
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1921 — , August 10

  • USA: Franklin Roosevelt is diagnosed with polio.

1936 — , August 10

  • Spain: Day 25 of 985 of the Spanish Civil War. Republican troops land on the island of Ibiza in the Mediterranean Sea and quickly defeat the Nationalist garrison.

1937 — , August 10

  • Spain: Day 390 of 985 of the Spanish Civil War. The Council of Aragon is dissolved by the Republican Government.
  • CBI - China: Day 35 of 2,987 of the 2nd Sino-Japanese War.
    • Day 10 of 12 of the Battle of Chahar.

1938 — , August 10

  • Germany: The main synagogue at Nuremberg is destroyed by the Nazis.
  • Spain: Day 755 of 985 of the Spanish Civil War.
  • CBI - China: Day 400 of 2,987 of the 2nd Sino-Japanese War.
    • Day 61 of 139 of the Battle of Wuhan. Japanese troops attack the Chinese at Ruichang.
  • CBI - Russia: Day 13 of 14 of the Battle of Lake Khasan, a border dispute between the Soviet Union and Japan. A truce, set for the next day, is signed ending the Russian-Japanese battle on the Manchurian border.

1939 — , August 10

  • UK: A trial blackout is ordered for London in preparation for war.
  • Poland: Albert Forster, Gauleiter for Danzig and Nazi leader, addresses a crowd of 100,000 in Danzig saying "The hour of liberation is at hand... our Motherland and our Führer, Adolf Hitler, are determined to support us."
  • CBI - China: Day 765 of 2,987 of the 2nd Sino-Japanese War.
    • Day 58 of 68 of the Battle of Tianjin.
  • CBI - Mongolia: Day 92 of 129 of the Battle of Khalkhin Gol, a border dispute between the Soviet Union and Japan.

1940 — , August 10

  • Atlantic: German sub U-56 sinks the armed merchant-cruiser HMS TRANSYLVANIA off Northern Ireland.
  • Atlantic: German armed merchant cruiser WIDDER stops the Finnish sailing ship KILLORAN 300 miles southwest of the Azores. Most of the German crew are against sinking this old ship built in 1900, but the on-board surgeon wants a dramatic finale for a film he is making, and persuades his Captain to sink the old sailing ship by gunfire.
  • Atlantic: In an Allied convoy sailing just north of Scotland, the Dutch ship ALBULA, sinks after colliding with the US ship CRESCENT CITY.
  • ETO - UK: Day 32 of 114 of the Battle of Britain. Bad weather continues. The Luftwaffe can only make small attacks on ships in the Channel.
  • ETO: The Germans make speaking the French language illegal in Luxembourg. In Belgium it becomes unlawful to listen to any BBC broadcasts.
  • East Africa: Day 62 of 537 of Italy's East African campaign in the lands south of Egypt.
  • CBI - China: Day 1,131 of 2,987 of the 2nd Sino-Japanese War.
    • Day 270 of 381 of the Battle of South Guangxi. The Japanese naval blockade of China is expanded to cover southern China. The British government announces they will withdraw all of their forces from Shanghai and other concessions in northern China.

1941 — , August 10

  • Russian Front - Finland: Day 43 of 142 of Operation SILVER FOX, a joint German-Finnish campaign to capture the Russian port of Murmansk in the Arctic.
  • Russian Front - Finland: Day 41 of 140 of Operation ARCTIC FOX, a joint German-Finnish campaign against Soviet Northern Front defenses at Salla, Finland.
  • Russian Front - Finland: Day 50 of 164 of the Battle of Hanko.
  • Russian Front: Day 50 of 167 of Germany's Operation BARBAROSSA, the invasion of the USSR.
  • Russian Front - North: Army Group North continues their slow advance toward Leningrad.
  • Russian Front - Center: Day 18 of 38 of the Battle of Gomel, Belarus. Heavy fighting continues at Gomel.
  • Russian Front - South: German Army Group South resumes its offensive to the east along the river Bug.
  • Russian Front - South: Day 3 of 70 of the Siege of Odessa, Ukraine.
  • MTO - Libya: Day 123 of 256 of the Siege of Tobruk.
  • East Africa: Day 427 of 537 of Italy's East African campaign in the lands south of Egypt.
  • CBI - China: Day 1,496 of 2,987 of the 2nd Sino-Japanese War.

1942 — , August 10

  • Germany: Jews of Lvov Ghetto in Ukraine start getting deported to concentration camps. 40,000 will be deported within the following 12 days.
  • Russian Front - North: Day 337 of 872 of the Siege of Leningrad.
  • Russian Front - North: Day 98 of 658 of the Siege of the Kholm Pocket.
  • Russian Front - Center: Day 12 of 64 of the 1st Battle of Rzhev-Sychevka, Russia. German troops near Rzhev continue their attempts to break their encirclement.
  • Russian Front - South: Day 44 of 150 of Germany's CASE BLUE. The German 6th Army reaches the suburbs of Stalingrad.
  • Russian Front - South: Day 19 of 20 of Germany's Operation EDELWEISS. German troops reach the Krasnodar-Pyatigorsk-Maikop line in southern Russia.
  • MTO - Egypt: US B-24s bomb at Besa Matruh.
  • East Africa: Day 98 of 186 of the Battle of Madagascar.
  • CBI - China: Day 1,861 of 2,987 of the 2nd Sino-Japanese War.
    • Day 88 of 124 of Japan's Zhejiang-Jiangxi Campaign, launched to punish anyone suspected of aiding the Doolittle raiders in China. Roughly 250,000 Chinese will be killed.
    • US B-25s bomb at Hankow and Sienning.
  • PTO - Alaska: Day 65 of 435 of the Battle of Kiska, Aleutian Islands. US 11th Air Force bombs targets on Kiska Island.
  • PTO - Malaya: Day 173 of 357 of the Battle of Timor Island.
  • PTO - New Guinea: Day 21 of 119 of the Battle of the Kokoda Track. US 5th and 13th Air Forces provide air support.
  • PTO - Solomon Islands: Day 4 of 187 of the Battle of Guadalcanal. US 5th Army Air Force provides air support.

1943 — , August 10

  • Germany: About 3,000 Jews from Sosnowiec, Poland, arrive at Auschwitz Concentration Camp. 110 men and 195 women are registered into the camp while the rest are immediately killed in the gas chambers.
  • Russian Front - North: Day 702 of 872 of the Siege of Leningrad.
  • Russian Front - North: Day 463 of 658 of the Siege of the Kholm Pocket.
  • Russian Front - Center: Day 37 of 50 of the Battle of Kursk, Russia.
  • Russian Front - Center: Day 30 of 38 of the Battle of Orel, Russia.
  • Russian Front - Center: Day 4 of 57 of the 2nd Battle of Smolensk, Russia.
  • Russian Front - Center: Day 4 of 14 of the Battle of Spas-Demensk, Russia.
  • Russian Front - South: Day 19 of 23 of the Battle of Belgorod, Russia. Soviet troops continue attacking in the Belgorod-Bogodukhov area.
  • Russian Front - South: Day 29 of 48 of the USSR's Lvov-Sandomierz Offensive. The outflanked Germans continue retreating.
  • MTO - Italy: Day 33 of 40 of the Battle of Sicily. RAF and US Air Forces provide air support. General Patton visits the 93rd Evacuation Hospital and slaps Private Paul G Bennett for cowardice, similar to the first slapping incident a week earlier.
  • CBI - China: Day 2,226 of 2,987 of the 2nd Sino-Japanese War.
  • PTO - Alaska: Day 430 of 435 of the Battle of Kiska, Aleutian Islands. US 11th Air Force bombs various targets on Kiska Island and Little Kiska Island.
  • PTO - New Guinea: Day 111 of 148 of the 2nd Battle of Lae-Salamaua. US 5th and 13th Air Forces provide air support.
  • PTO - Solomon Islands: Day 52 of 67 of the Battle of New Georgia. US 5th and 13th Air Forces provide air support. US P-40s and P-39s turn back about 40 Japanese fighters attacking the US bulldozers working on Munda Airfield.

1944 — , August 10

  • ETO - UK: Day 59 of 86 of the V-1 "Buzz Bomb" offensive on Britain.
  • ETO - France: Day 17 of 29 of the Breakout Battle of Normandy. Allied Air Forces provide air support. US and French troops advance 15 miles to Alencon.
  • ETO - France: Day 10 of 284 of the Battle of Brittany.
  • Russian Front - Finland: Day 16 of 19 of the Battle of Ilomantsi, North Karelia.
  • Russian Front - North: Day 191 of 191 of the Battle of the Narva Isthmus, Estonia. The Soviets finally give up trying to drive the Germans out of the Narva area. Day 17 of 19 of the Battle of Tannenberg Line, Estonia. The Germans continue holding the Sinimaed Hills west of Narva.
  • Russian Front - North: Day 1 of 28 of the Battle of Tartu in southeastern Estonia. The Soviets renew their offensive toward the Estonian border at Pskov, breaking through the Mavlenburg Line.
  • Russian Front - Center: Day 14 of 32 of the Battle of Kaunas, Lithuania.
  • Russian Front - Center: Day 5 of 9 of the Battle of Osovets, Poland.
  • MTO - Romania: US 15th Air Force bombs six different oil refineries in the area of Ploesti.
  • MTO - Italy: Allied troops continue pressing the German line holding the Po Valley. Allied Air Forces provide air support.
  • MTO - France: US Air Forces bomb targets in southern France.
  • CBI - Burma: Day 159 of 166 of the UK's Operation THURSDAY. US 10th Air Force provides air support.
  • CBI - Burma: Day 132 of 302 of the Chinese Salween Offensive. US 14th Air Force provides air support.
  • CBI - China: Day 2,592 of 2,987 of the 2nd Sino-Japanese War.
    • Day 116 of 259 of Japan's Operation ICHI-GO.
  • PTO - Alaska: US 11th Air Force B-25s sink one patrol boat and damage another found 75 miles east-south-east of Shimushu Island in the Kurile Islands.
  • PTO - Caroline Islands: US planes hits targets on Yap Island.
  • PTO - Dutch New Guinea: Day 40 of 61 of the Battle of Noemfoor. Although the island has been declared secured, bitter fighting from Japanese continues.
  • PTO - Japan: US 20th Air Force B-29s bomb the urban area of Nagasaki.
  • PTO - Mariana Islands: Day 21 of 21 of the 2nd Battle of Guam. All Japanese resistance comes to an end.
  • PTO - New Guinea: Day 76 of 83 of the Battle of Biak. There are still 3,000 Japanese soldiers on the island who won't give up.
  • PTO - New Guinea: Day 240 of 597 of the Battle of New Britain. US 13th Air Force provides air support.
  • PTO - New Guinea: Day 111 of 481 of the Battle of Western New Guinea. 5th Air Force provides air support.
  • PTO - New Guinea: Day 58 of 80 of the Battle of Lone Tree Hill.
  • PTO - New Guinea: Day 32 of 47 of the Battle of Driniumor River, a failed Japanese offense on US troops near Aitape.
  • PTO - Philippines: The USS GUITARRO sinks the Japanese tanker SHINEI MARU off Luzon Island.
  • PTO - Solomon Islands: Day 284 of 295 of the Battle of the Bougainville Islands. US 13th Air Force provides air support.

1945 — , August 10

  • PTO - Japan: Faced with the threat of more atomic bombs and the menace of the invading Soviets, Japan announces they are willing to surrender, "provided this does not prejudice the sovereignty of the Emperor."
    Spotlight...

    Emperor Hirohito, posthumously renamed Emperor Showa

    Japan had never before in its history lost a foreign war, thus the very concept of defeat was alien to them. Furthermore, the Samurai code which infused their military culture utterly rejected the idea of surrender. Surrender was shameful and cowardly. The only honorable thing to do was fight on to death. In addition to that, their experience with conquering other countries was that the defeated people were at the mercy of the victor and they had never shown mercy. They raped plundered, looted and enslaved the peoples they ruled. Naturally they found it difficult to conceive that they would not face the same fate. It was for all these reasons that they resisted surrender.

    What they expressed in their communications with the allies was concern for the position of the emperor, the human personification of the Japanese nation, culture and civilization. If the emperor ceased to be emperor then Japan would, in a very real sense, cease to exist.

    Related dates...

    Related WWII Store items...

  • CBI - China: Day 2,957 of 2,987 of the 2nd Sino-Japanese War.
    • Day 2 of 25 of the Soviet Invasion of Manchuria.
    • US 14th Air Force attacks several areas in China, mostly traffic related targets.
  • CBI - Malaya: In the South China Sea, the USS CAIMAN sinks a Japanese schooner while the USS BLENNY sinks six small Japanese vessels. The USS CARBONERO sinks two schooners and a sampan in the Gulf of Siam.
  • PTO - Borneo: Day 62 of 67 of the Battle of North Borneo. US 5th and 13th Air Forces provide air support.
  • PTO - Japan: Warplanes from USS TICONDEROGA attack at Hokkaido.
  • PTO - Japan: US 20th Air Force B-29s bomb targets in Tokyo.
  • PTO - New Guinea: Day 592 of 597 of the Battle of New Britain. US 10th Air Force provides air support.
  • PTO - New Guinea: Day 476 of 481 of the Battle of Western New Guinea. US 10th Air Force provides air support.
  • PTO - Philippines: Day 294 of 299 of the 2nd Battle of the Philippines, aka the Liberation of the Philippines or the Philippines Campaign.
  • PTO - Philippines: Day 239 of 244 of the Battle of Luzon. The battle is said to over but hold-outs will continue fighting until the end of the war.
  • PTO - Philippines: Day 154 of 159 of the Battle of Mindanao Island. The battle is said to over but hold-outs will continue fighting until the end of the war.

Day-By-Day listings for August 10 were last modified on Sunday, January 31, 2016
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