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Selected: August 22
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1936 — , August 22

  • Spain: Day 37 of 985 of the Spanish Civil War.

1937 — , August 22

  • Spain: Day 402 of 985 of the Spanish Civil War.
  • CBI - China: Day 47 of 2,987 of the 2nd Sino-Japanese War.
    • Day 10 of 106 of the 2nd Battle of Shanghai.

1938 — , August 22

  • Spain: Day 767 of 985 of the Spanish Civil War.
  • CBI - China: Day 412 of 2,987 of the 2nd Sino-Japanese War.
    • Day 73 of 139 of the Battle of Wuhan.

1939 — , August 22

  • Germany: Hitler authorizes the killing "without pity or mercy, all men, women and children of Polish descent or language."
  • CBI - China: Day 777 of 2,987 of the 2nd Sino-Japanese War.
  • CBI - Mongolia: Day 104 of 129 of the Battle of Khalkhin Gol, a border dispute between the Soviet Union and Japan.

1940 — , August 22

  • ETO - UK: Day 44 of 114 of the Battle of Britain. The Luftwaffe night bombs at Harrow outside of London. Bad weather sets in at daybreak, grounding the Luftwaffe until the afternoon when they manage to mount a small attack on shipping in the Channel. During the evening, German bombers hit several British cities including Aberdeen, Bristol and Hull.
  • MTO - Libya: Royal Navy Swordfish torpedo bombers, flying off HMS EAGLE, sink the Italian submarine IRIDE and the depot ship MONTE GARGANO in the Gulf of Bomba, Libya.
  • Middle East: Churchill dispatches a heavily armed convoy with 150 tanks to reinforce the middle east.
  • East Africa: Day 74 of 537 of Italy's East African campaign in the lands south of Egypt.
  • CBI - China: Day 1,143 of 2,987 of the 2nd Sino-Japanese War.
    • Day 282 of 381 of the Battle of South Guangxi.
    • Day 3 of 42 of the Hundred Regiments Offensive.

1941 — , August 22

  • ETO - France: The German Occupation Authority in France announces that anyone found either working for or aiding the Free French will be sentenced to death.
  • Russian Front - Finland: Day 55 of 142 of Operation SILVER FOX, a joint German-Finnish campaign to capture the Russian port of Murmansk in the Arctic.
  • Russian Front - Finland: Day 53 of 140 of Operation ARCTIC FOX, a joint German-Finnish campaign against Soviet Northern Front defenses at Salla, Finland.
  • Russian Front - Finland: Day 62 of 164 of the Battle of Hanko.
  • Russian Front: Day 62 of 167 of Germany's Operation BARBAROSSA, the invasion of the USSR.
  • Russian Front - North: German Army Group North begins encircling Leningrad.
  • Russian Front - Center: Day 6 of 23 of the Battle of Dukhovshina, Russia.
  • Russian Front - Center: Day 30 of 38 of the Battle of Gomel, Belarus.
  • Russian Front - South: German Army Group South continues heading toward Stalingrad.
  • Russian Front - South: Day 15 of 70 of the Siege of Odessa, Ukraine.
  • MTO - Libya: Day 135 of 256 of the Siege of Tobruk.
  • East Africa: Day 439 of 537 of Italy's East African campaign in the lands south of Egypt.
  • CBI - China: Day 1,508 of 2,987 of the 2nd Sino-Japanese War.

1942 — , August 22

  • Brazil: Although Brazil had tried to remain neutral, after 36 Brazilian merchant ships are sunk, inflicting some 2,770 casualties, the Brazilian government declares war on Germany and Italy. Brazil will become the only South American country to send troops to fight in the war.
    Spotlight...

    Brazilian Navy engaged in anti-submarine warfare, 1944

    Berlin Radio pronouncements led to increasing nervousness among the Brazilian population. In the then capital of Rio de Janeiro, the people started to attack German businesses, such as restaurants. Public opinion, along with Axis attacks on Brazilian shipping, pressured the Brazilian government over the edge and they declared war.

    The Brazilian Expeditionary Force was a force about 25,700 men and women arranged by the Army and Air Force to fight alongside the Allied forces in the Mediterranean Theatre of World War II. This air-land force fought in Italy from September 1944 to May 1945, while the Brazilian Navy as well as the Air Force also acted in the Atlantic Ocean from the middle of 1942 until the end of war. During the eight months of the Italian campaign, the Brazilian Expeditionary Force managed to take 20,573 Axis prisoners, consisting of two generals, 892 officers and 19,679 other ranks.

    During the War, Brazil lost 948 of its own men killed in action across all three services during the Italian campaign.

    Dates related to Latin America in WWII...

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  • Atlantic: The British Admiralty announces the loss of their famous submarine HMS UPHOLDER.
  • Atlantic: The destroyer USS INGRAHAM is sunk after colliding with the oil tanker CHEMUNG in heavy fog off the coast of Nova Scotia, Canada.
  • Germany: The work week for foreign workers in Germany is increased to 54 hours.
  • Russian Front - North: Day 349 of 872 of the Siege of Leningrad.
  • Russian Front - North: Day 110 of 658 of the Siege of the Kholm Pocket.
  • Russian Front - Center: Day 24 of 64 of the 1st Battle of Rzhev-Sychevka, Russia.
  • Russian Front - South: Day 56 of 150 of Germany's CASE BLUE. The advance of 17th Army toward the Black Sea port of Suchumi, west of the Caucasus, bogs down.
  • MTO - Egypt: US B-25s attack German tank repair shops and supply depots at Matruh.
  • East Africa: Day 110 of 186 of the Battle of Madagascar.
  • CBI - China: Day 1,873 of 2,987 of the 2nd Sino-Japanese War.
    • Day 100 of 124 of Japan's Zhejiang-Jiangxi Campaign, launched to punish anyone suspected of aiding the Doolittle raiders in China. Roughly 250,000 Chinese will be killed.
  • PTO - Alaska: Day 77 of 435 of the Battle of Kiska, Aleutian Islands.
  • PTO - Malaya: Day 185 of 357 of the Battle of Timor Island.
  • PTO - New Guinea: Day 33 of 119 of the Battle of the Kokoda Track. US 5th and 13th Air Forces provide air support.
  • PTO - Solomon Islands: Day 16 of 187 of the Battle of Guadalcanal. US 5th Army Air Force provides air support. The first wave of Japanese reinforcements are wiped out by the US Marines.
  • PTO - Solomon Islands: Overnight, US and Japanese destroyers make contact, resulting in the sinking of USS BLUE.

1943 — , August 22

  • ETO - France: US 8th Air Force B-26s bomb two airfields in France.
  • Russian Front - North: Day 714 of 872 of the Siege of Leningrad.
  • Russian Front - North: Day 475 of 658 of the Siege of the Kholm Pocket.
  • Russian Front - Center: Day 49 of 50 of the Battle of Kursk, Russia.
  • Russian Front - Center: Day 6 of 48 of the Battle of Bryansk, Russia.
  • Russian Front - Center: Day 16 of 57 of the 2nd Battle of Smolensk, Russia.
  • Russian Front - South: Day 41 of 48 of the USSR's Lvov-Sandomierz Offensive.
  • MTO: US 9th Air Force: All medium bomber (B-25s) and fighter (P-40s) groups of the 9th Air Force are transferred to the newly formed 12th Air Force.
  • MTO - Italy: The Allied Air Forces bomb targets at Salerno.
  • CBI - China: Day 2,238 of 2,987 of the 2nd Sino-Japanese War.
    • US 14th Air Force attacks targets in various areas throughout China.
  • PTO - Gilbert Islands: US Marines land on Nukufetau in the Ellice Islands.
  • PTO - New Guinea: Day 123 of 148 of the 2nd Battle of Lae-Salamaua. US 5th and 13th Air Forces provide air support.
  • PTO - Solomon Islands: Day 64 of 67 of the Battle of New Georgia. US 5th and 13th Air Forces provide air support.
  • PTO - Solomon Islands: Day 8 of 56 of the Battle of Vella Lavella. US 5th and 13th Air Forces provide air support.

1944 — , August 22

  • Atlantic: Operations GOODWOOD I and GOODWOOD II begin as the Royal Navy attacks the German Battleship TIRPITZ and other shipping for four days straight in the Alten Fjord, Norway.
  • ETO - UK: Day 71 of 86 of the V-1 "Buzz Bomb" offensive on Britain.
  • ETO - France: Day 29 of 29 of the Breakout Battle of Normandy. With the Germans on the run, the breakout is considered as good as over. However, some will mark the date on the 25th when Paris is liberated.
  • ETO - France: Day 22 of 284 of the Battle of Brittany.
  • ETO - France: Day 8 of 32 of Operation DRAGOON, the Allied invasion of southern France. Allied troops continue racing up the Rhone Valley.
  • Russian Front - North: Day 13 of 28 of the Battle of Tartu in southeastern Estonia.
  • Russian Front - Center: Day 26 of 32 of the Battle of Kaunas, Lithuania.
  • Russian Front: Day 7 of 12 of the German Operation DOPPELKOPF in Lithuania. This was mounted to restore the connection between German Army Groups North and Centre.
  • Russian Front - Center: Soviet troops keep pouring into Poland.
  • Russian Front - South: Day 3 of 10 of the Battle of Romania, 2nd Jassy Offensive. The Soviets capture Jassy on the Prut river.
  • MTO: US 15th Air Force bombs targets in Austria and Germany.
  • MTO - Italy: Allied troops continue pressing the German line holding the Po Valley. Allied Air Forces provide air support.
  • CBI - Burma: Day 144 of 302 of the Chinese Salween Offensive. US 10th and 14th Air Forces provide air support.
  • CBI - China: Day 2,604 of 2,987 of the 2nd Sino-Japanese War.
    • Day 128 of 259 of Japan's Operation ICHI-GO.
  • PTO: The USS TANG sinks the Japanese patrol boat NANSATSU MARU NUMBER 2. Later at night, the USS PINTADO sinks the large tanker TONAN MARY NUMBER 2.
  • PTO - Caroline Islands: US planes hits targets on Yap and Pagan Islands.
  • PTO - Dutch New Guinea: Day 52 of 61 of the Battle of Noemfoor. Although the island has been declared secured, bitter fighting from Japanese continues.
  • PTO - Japan: The submarine USS BOWFIN sinks the Japanese passenger ship TSUCHIMA MARU near the island of Akusekijima. 2,251 aboard are killed, including 767 children. Most of those killed are civilian evacuees from Okinawa.
  • PTO - Marshall Islands: US planes hits targets on the Mille Atoll.
  • PTO - New Guinea: Day 252 of 597 of the Battle of New Britain. US 13th Air Force provides air support.
  • PTO - New Guinea: Day 123 of 481 of the Battle of Western New Guinea. 5th Air Force provides air support.
  • PTO - New Guinea: Day 70 of 80 of the Battle of Lone Tree Hill.
  • PTO - New Guinea: Day 44 of 47 of the Battle of Driniumor River.

1945 — , August 22

  • USA: US War Office estimates that there are a quarter of a million POWs and civilian internees in Japanese hands at present.
  • Yugoslavia: The Yugoslavian parliament decrees that all arable land over 75 acres will be taken over by the state and given to former partisans and wounded soldiers.
  • CBI - China: Day 2,969 of 2,987 of the 2nd Sino-Japanese War.
    • Day 14 of 25 of the Soviet Invasion of Manchuria. The last Japanese troops in the Manchuria region of northeastern China surrender. During this two-week campaign, the Japanese have lost 80,000 killed and wounded and 54,000 taken prisoner while the Soviets have lost 8,200 dead and 22,000 wounded.

1948 — , August 22

  • Poland: Convicted war criminal Josef Bühler is executed by hanging in Kraków, Poland.

Day-By-Day listings for August 22 were last modified on Sunday, January 31, 2016
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