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Selected: September 1
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1936 — , September 1

  • Spain: Day 47 of 985 of the Spanish Civil War.

1937 — , September 1

  • Spain: Day 412 of 985 of the Spanish Civil War.
  • CBI - China: Day 57 of 2,987 of the 2nd Sino-Japanese War.
    • Day 20 of 106 of the 2nd Battle of Shanghai.
    • Day 1 of 70 of the Battle of Taiyuan.

1938 — , September 1

  • Spain: Day 777 of 985 of the Spanish Civil War.
  • CBI - China: Day 422 of 2,987 of the 2nd Sino-Japanese War.
    • Day 83 of 139 of the Battle of Wuhan.

1939 — , September 1

  • Poland: Day 1 of 36 of Germany's Invasion of Poland. For most European countries, this day marks the beginning of World War II.
    Spotlight...

    Headline from the Los Angeles Times, 01 Sep 39

    The commencement of World War II has different dates in different countries. To the Chinese, it started in 1931, when Japan occupied Manchuria. To the Ethiopians, it started in 1935, when Italy attacked them. To Britain, France, Canada and Poland, it started on Sept 1, 1939, when Nazi Germany attacked Poland. To the Russians, it started in June of 1941 (they call it "The Great Patriotic War"). To the Americans, it started on December 7th, 1941, when Japan attacked Pearl Harbor.

    It could also be argued that World War II began on Nov 11, 1918. That was the day people first began referring to the "Great War" or the "World War" as "World War One" and began making reference to an eventual "World War Two" much like we have been referring to "World War Three" since 1945.

    Dates marking the beginning of WWII around the world...

    Related WWII Store items...

    Related article...

  • Scandinavia: Immediately after Germany invades Poland; Norway, Denmark and Finland proclaim their neutrality.
  • Germany: Jews are given a curfew and are now forbidden to be outdoors after 8:00 pm during the winter and 9:00 pm in summer.
  • CBI - China: Day 787 of 2,987 of the 2nd Sino-Japanese War.
  • CBI - Mongolia: Day 114 of 129 of the Battle of Khalkhin Gol.

1940 — , September 1

  • Atlantic: Already crippled from hitting a mine yesterday, the drifting Destroyer HMS IVANHOE is hit again by a German torpedo. Roughly 300 sailors are killed and another 100 taken POW.
  • ETO - UK: Day 54 of 114 of the Battle of Britain.
  • East Africa: Day 84 of 537 of Italy's East African campaign in the lands south of Egypt.
  • CBI - China: Day 1,153 of 2,987 of the 2nd Sino-Japanese War.
    • Day 292 of 381 of the Battle of South Guangxi, China. Results in a Chinese victory.
    • Day 13 of 42 of the Hundred Regiments Offensive.

1941 — , September 1

  • Europe: Nazis order all Jews to wear a yellow star at all times. This practice has been in use since 1933 but only by various local governments. Now it has become a law for the entire Third Reich.
  • Russian Front - Finland: Day 72 of 164 of the Battle of Hanko. The Soviets will be forced off their leased naval base.
  • Russian Front - Finland: Day 65 of 142 of Operation SILVER FOX, a joint German-Finnish campaign to capture the Russian port of Murmansk in the Arctic.
  • Russian Front - Finland: Day 63 of 140 of Operation ARCTIC FOX, a joint German-Finnish campaign against Soviet Northern Front defenses at Salla, Finland.
  • Russian Front: Day 72 of 167 of Germany's Operation BARBAROSSA, the overall invasion of the USSR.
  • Russian Front - Center: Day 16 of 23 of the Battle of Dukhovshina, Russia.
  • Russian Front - Center: Day 3 of 10 of the Battle of Yelnia, Russia.
  • Russian Front - Center: Day 3 of 14 of the Battle of Roslavl-Novozybkov, Russia.
  • Russian Front - South: Day 25 of 70 of the Siege of Odessa, Ukraine.
  • Russian Front - South: Day 10 of 35 of the 1st Battle of Kiev, Ukraine.
  • MTO - Libya: Day 145 of 256 of the Siege of Tobruk.
  • Middle East: Day 8 of 24 of the Anglo-Soviet invasion of Iran.
  • East Africa: Day 449 of 537 of Italy's East African campaign in the lands south of Egypt.
  • CBI - China: Day 1,518 of 2,987 of the 2nd Sino-Japanese War.

1942 — , September 1

  • Russian Front - North: Day 359 of 872 of the Siege of Leningrad.
  • Russian Front - North: Day 120 of 658 of the Siege of the Kholm Pocket, USSR lays siege to the Kholm Pocket but the Germans hold out for a about a year and a half.
  • Russian Front - Center: Day 34 of 64 of the 1st Battle of Rzhev-Sychevka, Russia. Though it will end in a stalemate, it will keep German troops from going to Stalingrad.
  • Russian Front - South: Day 66 of 150 of Germany's CASE BLUE, the failed offensive to take the Caucasus oil fields.
  • Russian Front - South: Day 10 of 165 of the Battle of Stalingrad, the bloodiest battle in human history.
  • MTO - Greece: B-24 Liberators from the US Army Middle East Air Force bomb the harbor at Candia, Crete, scoring several direct hits on one vessel and hitting several others.
  • MTO - Egypt: B-25s from the US 12th BG join RAF light bombers and bomb German tanks and trucks near Alam-el-Halfa, Egypt.
  • East Africa: Day 120 of 186 of the Battle of Madagascar.
  • CBI - China: Day 1,883 of 2,987 of the 2nd Sino-Japanese War.
    • Day 110 of 124 of Japan's Zhejiang-Jiangxi Campaign, launched to punish anyone suspected of aiding the Doolittle raiders in China. Roughly 250,000 Chinese will be killed.
  • PTO - Alaska: Day 87 of 435 of the Battle of Kiska, Aleutian Islands. The US and Canada will defeat the Japanese invaders.
  • PTO - Malaya: Day 195 of 357 of the Battle of Timor Island, a long guerrilla war ending in Japanese victory.
  • PTO - New Guinea: Day 43 of 119 of the Battle of the Kokoda Track. Results in an Allied victory.
  • PTO - New Guinea: Day 8 of 14 of the Battle of Milne Bay. The US and Australian troops will win this battle.
  • PTO - Solomon Islands: Day 26 of 187 of the Battle of Guadalcanal.

1943 — , September 1

  • Russian Front - North: Day 724 of 872 of the Siege of Leningrad.
  • Russian Front - North: Day 485 of 658 of the Siege of the Kholm Pocket, USSR lays siege to the Kholm Pocket but the Germans hold out for a about a year and a half.
  • Russian Front - Center: Day 26 of 57 of the 2nd Battle of Smolensk, Russia. Becomes a Soviet victory as the Axis are pushed completely away from the Moscow region.
  • Russian Front - Center: Day 16 of 48 of the Battle of Bryansk, Russia. Soviet victory as the Germans began retreating.
  • Russian Front - South: Day 9 of 122 of the Battle of the Lower Dnieper River, USSR.
  • MTO: US 12th Air Force: The 12th AF takes over air operations in the Mediterranean. The US 44th BG (8th AF) ceases operations flying from Libya and returns to England.
  • MTO - Italy: US 12th Air Force: P-40s bomb at Iglesias and Gonnesa while light and medium bombers hit targets around Bova Marina.
  • CBI - China: Day 2,248 of 2,987 of the 2nd Sino-Japanese War.
  • PTO - New Guinea: Day 133 of 148 of the 2nd Battle of Lae-Salamaua. Will become an Allied victory.
  • PTO - Solomon Islands: Day 18 of 56 of the Battle of Vella Lavella. The Allies will win this one.

1944 — , September 1

  • ETO - UK: Day 81 of 86 of the V-1 "Buzz Bomb" offensive on Britain.
  • ETO - France: Day 32 of 284 of the Battle of Brittany.
  • ETO - France: Day 18 of 32 of Operation DRAGOON, the Allied invasion of southern France.
  • ETO - Belgium: Allies begin a four-day surge liberating various towns throughout Belgium.
  • ETO: US 8th Air Force: B-17s and B-24s hit targets in Germany, Belgium and the Netherlands.
  • Russian Front - North: Day 23 of 28 of the Battle of Tartu in southeastern Estonia.
  • MTO - Italy: Gurkha units from the British 8th Army storm Tavoleto.
  • MTO - Italy: 15th AF dispatches 480 heavy bombers to attack targets in Italy, Hungary and Yugoslavia. Sixteen B-17s evacuate interned US airmen from Romania.
  • MTO - Italy: Before daylight, A-20s from the 12th AF hit gun positions in the Po Valley. Later, B-25s hit railroad bridges near Venice while fighters bomb and strafe the battle area near Florence.
  • CBI - Burma: Day 154 of 302 of the Chinese Salween Offensive.
  • CBI - China: Day 2,614 of 2,987 of the 2nd Sino-Japanese War.
    • Day 138 of 259 of Japan's Operation ICHI-GO.
  • PTO - New Guinea: Day 262 of 597 of the Battle of New Britain, New Guinea.
  • PTO - New Guinea: Day 133 of 481 of the Battle of Western New Guinea.
  • PTO - New Guinea: Day 80 of 80 of the Battle of Lone Tree Hill.

1945 — , September 1

  • CBI - China: Day 2,979 of 2,987 of the 2nd Sino-Japanese War.
    • Day 24 of 25 of the Soviet Invasion of Manchuria.

Day-By-Day listings for September 1 were last modified on Sunday, January 31, 2016
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