CBI - China: Day 57 of 2,987 of the 2nd Sino-Japanese War.
Day 20 of 106 of the 2nd Battle of Shanghai.
Day 1 of 70 of the Battle of Taiyuan.
1938 — , September 1
Spain: Day 777 of 985 of the Spanish Civil War.
CBI - China: Day 422 of 2,987 of the 2nd Sino-Japanese War.
Day 83 of 139 of the Battle of Wuhan.
1939 — , September 1
Poland: Day 1 of 36 of Germany's Invasion of Poland. For most European countries, this day marks the beginning of World War II.
Headline from the Los Angeles Times, 01 Sep 39
The commencement of World War II has different dates in different countries. To the Chinese, it started in 1931, when Japan occupied Manchuria. To the Ethiopians, it started in 1935, when Italy attacked them. To Britain, France, Canada and Poland, it started on Sept 1, 1939, when Nazi Germany attacked Poland. To the Russians, it started in June of 1941 (they call it "The Great Patriotic War"). To the Americans, it started on December 7th, 1941, when Japan attacked Pearl Harbor.
It could also be argued that World War II began on Nov 11, 1918. That was the day people first began referring to the "Great War" or the "World War" as "World War One" and began making reference to an eventual "World War Two" much like we have been referring to "World War Three" since 1945.
Dates marking the beginning of WWII around the world...
Poland 101: Why the invasion of Poland ignited the war
Scandinavia: Immediately after Germany invades Poland; Norway, Denmark and Finland proclaim their neutrality.
Germany: Jews are given a curfew and are now forbidden to be outdoors after 8:00 pm during the winter and 9:00 pm in summer.
CBI - China: Day 787 of 2,987 of the 2nd Sino-Japanese War.
CBI - Mongolia: Day 114 of 129 of the Battle of Khalkhin Gol.
1940 — , September 1
Atlantic: Crippled from hitting a mine yesterday, the drifting Destroyer HMS IVANHOE is hit again by a German torpedo. Roughly 300 sailors are killed and another 100 taken POW.
ETO - UK: Day 54 of 114 of the Battle of Britain.
East Africa: Day 84 of 537 of Italy's East African campaign in the lands south of Egypt.
CBI - China: Day 1,153 of 2,987 of the 2nd Sino-Japanese War.
Day 292 of 381 of the Battle of South Guangxi, China. Results in a Chinese victory.
Day 13 of 42 of the Hundred Regiments Offensive.
1941 — , September 1
Europe: Nazis order all Jews to wear a yellow star at all times. This practice has been in use since 1933 but only by various local governments. Now it has become a law for the entire Third Reich.
The deportation of Jews to extermination camps began just a month after the forced introduction of the "Holocaust Badges"
The German government's policy of forcing Jews to wear identifying badges was but one of many psychological tactics aimed at isolating and dehumanizing the Jews of Europe, directly marking them as being different (ie, inferior) to everyone else, thus making the "enemy within" visible.
European Jews had been legally compelled to wear badges or distinguishing garments (such as pointed hats) as far back as the 13th century, but progress had phased out such discrimination during the 1800's only to be resurrected by the Nazis. Chief of the Reich Main Security Office Reinhard Heydrich first recommended that all Jews wear identifying badges following the Kristallnacht violence of 09 and 10 Nov 38. Local German authorities began introducing mandatory wearing of badges shortly after the invasion of Poland on 01 Sep 39. By the end of 1939, all Jews in the newly-acquired Polish territories were required to wear badges.
Upon invading the Soviet Union in June 1941, the Germans again applied this requirement to newly-conquered lands. Throughout the rest of 1941 and 1942, Germany, its satellite states and western occupied territories adopted regulations stipulating that Jews wear identifying badges. Only in Denmark, where King Christian X is said to have threatened to wear the badge himself if it were imposed on his country's Jewish population, were the Germans unable to impose such a regulation.
The Star of David did not originally denote stigmatization, nor was the six-pointed star an exclusively Jewish symbol in the past. Nonetheless, the star has been associated with the Holocaust since the Nazi era in Germany.
The design of the "Holocaust Badges" varied from region to region, but allowed for the easier facilitation of the separation of all Jews from all societies and their subsequent ghettoization, which ultimately led to the deportation and murder of some 6 million. Those who failed or refused to wear the badge risked severe punishment, including death. For example, the Jewish Council (Judenrat) of the ghetto in Bialystok, Poland announced that "the authorities have warned that severe punishment - up to and including death by shooting - is in store for Jews who do not wear the yellow badge on back and front."
Nazi propaganda leaflet: "Whoever bears this sign is an enemy of our people"