We're now on our third pass through all 366 of these day-by-day listings. We're regularly adding to them, expanding them, enhancing them and, of course, spotting errors and typos. Bear with us and we continue to improve your user experience.
US Theaters of Operations
used in our listings
European Theater of Operations
Mediterranean Theater of Operations
Pacific Theater of Operations
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Enemy At The Gates
Losing to Hitler wasn't going to mean life under Nazi rule, it would literally mean the annihilation of every Soviet man, woman and child. The stakes were all or nothing.
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Bishop von Galen:
German Catholicism and National Socialism
Hardcover (272 pages), kindle
Clemens August Graf von Galen, Bishop of Munster from 1933 until his death in 1946, is renowned for his opposition to Nazism, most notably for his public preaching in 1941 against Hitler's euthanasia project to rid the country of sick, elderly, mentally retarded, and disabled Germans.
1931 — , October 12
CBI - China: Day 25 of 154 of the Japanese Invasion of Manchuria.
1935 — , October 12
Germany: Nazis ban all "degenerate" swing jazz music from being broadcast on German national radio.
1936 — , October 12
Spain: Day 88 of 985 of the Spanish Civil War. 1937 — , October 12
Spain: Day 453 of 985 of the Spanish Civil War.
CBI - China: Day 98 of 2,987 of the 2nd Sino-Japanese War.
Day 61 of 106 of the 2nd Battle of Shanghai.
Day 42 of 70 of the Battle of Taiyuan.
1938 — , October 12
Spain: Day 818 of 985 of the Spanish Civil War.
CBI - China: Day 463 of 2,987 of the 2nd Sino-Japanese War.
Day 124 of 139 of the Battle of Wuhan.
Day 1 of 81 of Japan's Operation GUANGDONG.
1939 — , October 12
Austria: Jews begin evacuating from Vienna.
CBI - China: Day 828 of 2,987 of the 2nd Sino-Japanese War.
1940 — , October 12
ETO - UK: Day 37 of 258 of the Blitz. Many of the children that had been evacuated at the outbreak of war had prematurely been returned by the time the Blitz began on 06 Sep 40. Efforts are now being stepped up to get them out again.
Oct 1940: Bombed-out London children
warm themselves around a fire
Operation PIED PIPER, which began on 01 Sep 39, officially relocated more than 3.5 million people. Further waves of official evacuation and re-evacuation occurred from the South and East coast in June 1940, when a seaborne invasion was expected, and from affected cities after the Blitz began in Sept 1940. There were also official evacuations from the UK to other parts of the British Empire, and many non-official evacuations within and from the UK.
Goods as well as people were evacuated. Art treasures were sent to distant storage, the Bank of England moved out of London and 2,154 tons of gold were shipped to the vaults of the Bank of Canada.
ETO - UK: Day 95 of 114 of the Battle of Britain. Hitler postpones the invasion of Britain until the spring of 1941.
Atlantic: U-101 torpedoes and sinks the merchant ship SAINT MALO south of Iceland. The ship was a former French vessel requisitioned by the Canadian government. 28 are killed.
East Africa: Day 125 of 537 of Italy's East African campaign in the lands south of Egypt.
CBI - China: Day 1,194 of 2,987 of the 2nd Sino-Japanese War.
Day 333 of 381 of the Battle of South Guangxi.
CBI - Thailand: Day 12 of 221 of the Franco-Thai War (Vichy France vs Thailand). 1941 — , October 12
Russian Front - Finland: Day 106 of 142 of Operation SILVER FOX, a joint German-Finnish campaign to capture the Russian port of Murmansk in the Arctic.
Russian Front - Finland: Day 104 of 140 of Operation ARCTIC FOX, a joint German-Finnish campaign against Soviet Northern Front defenses at Salla, Finland.
Russian Front - Finland: Day 113 of 164 of the Battle of Hanko. The Soviets will be forced off their leased naval base.
Russian Front: Day 113 of 167 of Germany's Operation BARBAROSSA.
Russian Front - North: Day 35 of 872 of the Siege of Leningrad.
Russian Front - Center: Day 11 of 98 of the Battle of Moscow. German Army Group Centre captures Kaluga and Bryansk, Russia.
Russian Front - South: Day 66 of 70 of the Siege of Odessa, Ukraine.
MTO - Libya: Day 186 of 256 of the Siege of Tobruk.
East Africa: Day 490 of 537 of Italy's East African campaign in the lands south of Egypt.
CBI - China: Day 1,559 of 2,987 of the 2nd Sino-Japanese War. 1942 — , October 12
Russian Front - North: Day 400 of 872 of the Siege of Leningrad.
Russian Front - North: Day 161 of 658 of the Siege of the Kholm Pocket, USSR lays siege to the Kholm Pocket but the Germans hold out for a about a year and a half.
Russian Front - South: Day 107 of 150 of Germany's CASE BLUE, the failed offensive to take the Caucasus oil fields.
Russian Front - South: Day 51 of 165 of the Battle of Stalingrad, bloodiest battle in human history.
MTO - Libya: US B-17s hit shipping in the harbor of Tobruk.
East Africa: Day 161 of 186 of the Battle of Madagascar.
CBI - China: Day 1,924 of 2,987 of the 2nd Sino-Japanese War.
PTO - Alaska: Day 128 of 435 of the Battle of Kiska, Aleutian Islands. The US and Canada will defeat the Japanese invaders.
PTO - Malaya: Day 236 of 357 of the Battle of Timor Island, a long guerrilla war ending in Japanese victory.
PTO - New Guinea: Day 84 of 119 of the Battle of the Kokoda Track. The Australians continue pushing back the Japanese troops.
PTO - Solomon Islands: Day 67 of 187 of the Battle of Guadalcanal.
PTO - Solomon Islands: Day 2 of 2 of the Naval Battle of Cape Esperance. The US Navy beats a Japanese naval squadron off Savo Island. 1943 — , October 12
Russian Front - North: Day 765 of 872 of the Siege of Leningrad.
Russian Front - North: Day 526 of 658 of the Siege of the Kholm Pocket. USSR lays siege to the Kholm Pocket but the Germans hold out for a about a year and a half.
Russian Front - South: Day 50 of 122 of the Battle of the Lower Dnieper River, USSR.
MTO - Italy: The US 5th Army begins an offensive along the Volturno river. US 12th Air Force and RAF fly ground support.
CBI - China: Day 2,289 of 2,987 of the 2nd Sino-Japanese War.
PTO - New Guinea: Day 24 of 219 of the Battle of Shaggy Ridge.
PTO - New Guinea: Day 21 of 162 of the Battle of the Huon Peninsula. Will result in an Allied victory.
PTO - New Guinea: Allied bombers hit the Japanese base at Rabaul in New Britain sinking three destroyers and destroying 120 enemy planes. 1944 — , October 12
ETO - France: Day 73 of 284 of the Battle of Brittany.
ETO - Belgium: Day 41 of 62 of the liberation of Belgium. The Germans fall back across the Lower Rhine, west of Arnhem, Netherlands.
ETO - Belgium: Day 11 of 38 of the Battle of the Scheldt Estuary.
ETO - France: Day 28 of 236 of the Siege of Dunkirk.
ETO - Germany: Day 24 of 145 of the Battle of Hürtgen Forest.
ETO - Germany: US 8th Air Force B-17s and B-24s hit targets in Germany.
Russian Front - Finland: Day 28 of 223 of the Lapland War. Finland and Russia have joined forces to kick the Germans out of Finland's most northern province.
Russian Front - Finland: Day 6 of 23 of the Petsamo-Kirkenes Offensive. The Soviets will drive the Germans out of the Arctic region in northern Scandinavia.
Russian Front - North: Day 29 of 41 of the Battle of Riga, Latvia.
Russian Front - Center: Day 29 of 72 of the Battle into East Prussia and northern Poland.
Russian Front - Center: Day 8 of 18 of the Battle of Memel, a border town of Lithuania and East Prussia. The Germans manage to hold the Niemen line to cover East Prussia.
Russian Front - South: Day 7 of 24 of the Battle of Debrecen, Hungary.
Russian Front - South: Day 29 of 72 of the Battle of Belgrade, Yugoslavia.
MTO - Italy: Allies launch Operation PANCAKE. The British 8th Army pushes in the Rimini area while the US 5th Army marches toward Bologna. RAF and US 12th and 15th Air Forces provide air support.
MTO - Greece: The Germans evacuate Athens.
CBI - Burma: Day 195 of 302 of the Chinese Salween Offensive in Burma.
CBI - China: Day 2,655 of 2,987 of the 2nd Sino-Japanese War.
Day 179 of 259 of Japan's Operation ICHI-GO.
PTO - New Guinea: Day 303 of 597 of the Battle of New Britain.
PTO - New Guinea: Day 174 of 481 of the Battle of Western New Guinea.
PTO - Palau Islands: Day 28 of 74 of the Battle of Peleliu (Operation STALEMATE II).
PTO - Palau Islands: Day 26 of 36 of the Battle of Angaur.
for October 12th...
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London's Longest Night
From PBS Home Video. The story of the war's most concentrated aerial attack on London in 1941 and how the city nearly perished under the German barrage.
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The Diary of a Young Girl
Paperback (304 pages)
A world classic - a powerful reminder of the horrors of war and an eloquent testament to the human spirit.
2 / 3
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B-24 Liberator Units of the Eighth Air Force
Paperback (96 pages), kindle
An examination of the combat role of the often overlooked B-24 Liberator heavy bomber and the units in the Mighty 8th that flew them.