CBI - China: Day 57 of 154 of the Japanese Invasion of Manchuria.
1936 — , November 13
Spain: Day 120 of 985 of the Spanish Civil War.
CBI - China: Day 25 of 29 of the 1st Battle of Suiyuan.
1937 — , November 13
Spain: Day 485 of 985 of the Spanish Civil War.
CBI - China: Day 130 of 2,987 of the 2nd Sino-Japanese War.
Day 93 of 106 of the 2nd Battle of Shanghai.
1938 — , November 13
Spain: Day 850 of 985 of the Spanish Civil War.
CBI - China: Day 495 of 2,987 of the 2nd Sino-Japanese War.
Day 33 of 81 of Japan's Operation GUANGDONG.
1939 — , November 13
Atlantic: HMS BLANCHE strikes a mine and sinks off the Thames Estuary. She becomes the first Royal Naval destroyer lost in the war.
ETO - UK: German bombers attack British territory for the first time, with a bombing raid on the Shetland Islands. No serious damage is done.
CBI - China: Day 860 of 2,987 of the 2nd Sino-Japanese War.
1940 — , November 13
ETO - UK: Day 69 of 258 of the Blitz.
MTO - Greece: Germany prepares to enter war against Greece.
East Africa: Day 157 of 537 of Italy's East African campaign in the lands south of Egypt.
CBI - China: Day 1,226 of 2,987 of the 2nd Sino-Japanese War.
Day 365 of 381 of the Battle of South Guangxi.
CBI - Thailand: Day 44 of 221 of the Franco-Thai War (Vichy France vs Thailand).
1941 — , November 13
Russian Front: Temperature on the Russian Front near Moscow drops to a bone-chilling -80°F (-62.2°C).
German soldiers on the Russian Front covered in ice and snow
The Russian (or Soviet) Winter is a common excuse for military failures of invaders of Russia. Common nicknames are General Frost, General Winter and General Snow. The severity of Russian winter is often linked to Russian military victories and the defeat of any army foolish enough to invade her.
In 1707, in the Great Northern War, King Charles XII of Sweden invaded the Russia of Peter the Great. That particular winter was the most brutal of the 18th century, so severe that the salt water port of Venice froze. Charles' 35,000 troops were crippled, and by spring only 19,000 were left. The Battle of Poltava in 1709 sealed the end of the Swedish Empire.
In 1812, Napoleon's Grande Armée of 610,000 men invaded Russia, heading toward Moscow. The Russian winter only had a major effect once Napoleon was in full retreat, but it added a very frozen insult to his injury.
In WWII, the winter of 1941-1942 was again brutal beyond normal. Hitler's plans for Operation BARBAROSSA miscarried before the onset of severe winter weather. He was so confident of a quick victory that he did not prepare for even the possibility of winter warfare in Russia.
Perhaps we should all consider incorporating the phrase "invading Russia" into our vocabulary to describe trying to do something that historically is doomed to fail.
Dates related to Mother Nature...
12 Jan 40: 50 inches of frost is reported in Finland
13 Nov 41: Temperature on Russian Front drops to -80°F
18 Mar 44: Mount Vesuvius begins a six-day eruption
23 Mar 44: Mount Vesuvius' eruption slowly subsides
05 Jun 44: Rough seas in the English Channel postpone D-Day invasion
19 Jun 44: Channel storms begin, wreaking havoc on the Mulberries
23 Aug 44: B-24 crashes into school during violent thunderstorm
09 Dec 44: Patton's Weather Prayer circulated to the Third Army
05 Jun 45: 30 American ships damaged by typhoon near Okinawa