Russian Front - North: Day 800 of 872 of the Siege of Leningrad.
Russian Front - North: Day 561 of 658 of the Siege of the Kholm Pocket. USSR lays siege to the Kholm Pocket but the Germans hold out for a about a year and a half.
Russian Front - South: Day 85 of 122 of the Battle of the Lower Dnieper River, USSR.
MTO - Greece: The island of Leros surrenders to the Germans. US 12th Air Force B-25s bomb at Eleusis.
MTO - Yugoslavia: US 12th Air Force B-25s bomb the airfields at Sibenik.
MTO - France: US 15th Air Force B-17s and B-26s bomb airfields in the southern part of France.
CBI - China: Day 2,324 of 2,987 of the 2nd Sino-Japanese War.
Day 15 of 49 of the Battle of West Changde.
PTO - New Guinea: Day 59 of 219 of the Battle of Shaggy Ridge.
PTO - New Guinea: Day 56 of 162 of the Battle of the Huon Peninsula.
PTO - Solomon Islands: Day 16 of 295 of the Battle of the Bougainville Islands.
1944 — , November 16
ETO: With Antwerp, Marseilles and other ports now liberated and available for Allied use, the US Red Ball Express truck convoy system is shut down, having served its purpose beyond expectations during its three months of service.
Motivational sign along a roadway of the celebrated Red Ball Express
The Red Ball Express, primarily operated and driven by African-American soldiers, was an enormous truck convoy system created by Allied forces to supply their forward-area combat units moving quickly through Europe following the breakout from the D-Day beaches in Normandy. The route was marked with red balls and closed to civilian traffic, the trucks were marked with red balls and given priority when on regular roads.
The use of a red ball for signaling was used as early as the 1800s, with a flag with a red ball on a white field indicating the important ship of a vice admiral.
The term "Red Ball" was later a railroad phrase referring to express shipping for priority and perishables (originated by the Santa Fe system ~ 1892, extensive by 1920s), where the trains were marked with red balls and the cleared express use tracks were marked with red balls.
Some later trucking companies adopted the "red ball" name, and Patton in 1940 used the Texas "Red Ball Express" trucking company on contract to supply the Louisiana Maneuvers.
Post WWII use of the "red ball" phrase was for expedited legal cases of murder or similar importance.
Although the convoys were a primary target of the German Luftwaffe, by this time in 1944 German air power was so reduced that these tempting and typically easy targets were rarely attacked. The biggest problems facing the Express were maintenance, finding enough drivers, and lack of sleep for overworked truckers.