CBI - China: Day 72 of 154 of the Japanese Invasion of Manchuria.
1936 — , November 28
Spain: Day 135 of 985 of the Spanish Civil War.
1937 — , November 28
Spain: Day 500 of 985 of the Spanish Civil War.
CBI - China: Day 145 of 2,987 of the 2nd Sino-Japanese War.
1938 — , November 28
Germany: Laws are announced that prevent Jews from obtaining driving licenses or visiting theaters, concerts and cinemas.
Spain: Day 865 of 985 of the Spanish Civil War.
CBI - China: Day 510 of 2,987 of the 2nd Sino-Japanese War.
Day 48 of 81 of Japan's Operation GUANGDONG.
1939 — , November 28
PTO - Australia: The Australian Cabinet agrees to the sending of Australian troops overseas.
CBI - China: Day 875 of 2,987 of the 2nd Sino-Japanese War.
Day 14 of 381 of the Battle of South Guangxi.
1940 — , November 28
ETO - UK: Day 84 of 258 of the Blitz.
East Africa: Day 172 of 537 of Italy's East African campaign in the lands south of Egypt.
CBI - China: Day 1,241 of 2,987 of the 2nd Sino-Japanese War.
Day 379 of 381 of the Battle of South Guangxi.
Day 4 of 6 of the Battle of Han River.
CBI - Thailand: Day 59 of 221 of the Franco-Thai War (Vichy France vs Thailand).
1941 — , November 28
Russian Front - Finland: Day 160 of 164 of the Battle of Hanko. The Soviets will be forced off their leased naval base.
Russian Front: Day 160 of 167 of Germany's Operation BARBAROSSA.
Russian Front - North: Day 82 of 872 of the Siege of Leningrad.
Russian Front - Center: Day 58 of 98 of the Battle of Moscow.
Russian Front - South: Day 30 of 248 of the Siege of Sevastopol, Crimean Peninsula. Overextended and short of supplies, 3rd Panzer Korps evacuates Rostov in southern Russia and withdraws to the Mius river, 30 miles to the west.
MTO - Libya: Day 233 of 256 of the Siege of Tobruk. Despite being outnumbered 2 to 1, 15th Panzer force the British tanks to retreat thus exposing the New Zealand troops at Ed Duda on the Tobruk by-pass.
East Africa: Day 537 of 537 of Italy's East African campaign in the lands south of Egypt. The Italian-held town of Gondar surrenders to British forces after a tough battle. The Axis surrenders 23,500 men, while the British suffer 500 casualties. Italy has no more colonies in East Africa.
CBI - China: Day 1,606 of 2,987 of the 2nd Sino-Japanese War.
1942 — , November 28
Russian Front - North: Day 447 of 872 of the Siege of Leningrad.
Russian Front - North: Day 10 of 59 of the Battle of Velikiye Luki, near Leningrad. This stalemate does help ease the siege a little, but mostly it keeps German troops from being sent to other fronts.
Russian Front - North: Day 208 of 658 of the Siege of the Kholm Pocket, USSR lays siege to the Kholm Pocket but the Germans hold out for a about a year and a half.
Russian Front - Center: Day 5 of 21 of the Battle of Sychevka, Russia.
Russian Front - Center: Day 4 of 26 of the 2nd Battle of Rzhev-Sychevka, Russia, launched by the Soviets as Operation MARS.
Russian Front - Center: Day 4 of 22 of the Battle of Belyi, Russia.
Russian Front - Center: Day 4 of 17 of the Battle of Luchesa (Vitebsk), Russia.
Russian Front - Center: Day 4 of 29 of the Battle of Molodoi Tud River, Russia.
Russian Front - South: Day 99 of 165 of the Battle of Stalingrad, bloodiest battle in human history.
MTO - Tunisia: Day 12 of 178 of the Battle of Tunisia. US 9th and 12th Air Forces provide air support.
MTO - Libya: US 9th and 12th Air Forces provide air support.
CBI - China: Day 1,971 of 2,987 of the 2nd Sino-Japanese War.
PTO - Alaska: Day 175 of 435 of the Battle of Kiska, Aleutian Islands. The US and Canada will defeat the Japanese invaders.
PTO - Malaya: Day 283 of 357 of the Battle of Timor Island, a long guerrilla war ending in Japanese victory.
PTO - New Guinea: Day 10 of 66 of the Battle of Buna-Gona.
PTO - Solomon Islands: Day 114 of 187 of the Battle of Guadalcanal.
1943 — , November 28
Middle East: The Teheran Conference begins, the first meeting of the "Big 3." Churchill, Roosevelt and Stalin discuss the upcoming Operations OVERLORD and ANVIL as well as the future of post-war Germany and Poland.
The "Big Three" at the Tehran Conference Stalin, Roosevelt and Churchill
The Tehran Conference or Summit, codenamed EUREKA, was held from 28 Nov 43 to 01 Dec 43 at the Soviet Union's embassy in Tehran, Iran. It was the first meeting of the "Big Three" (Franklin D Roosevelt, Winston Churchill and Joseph Stalin) held during WWII.
Although the three leaders arrived with differing objectives, the main outcome of the Tehran Conference was their commitment to eventually open a second front against Nazi Germany. The conference also addressed their relations with Turkey and Iran, operations in Yugoslavia and against Japan, and their envisaged post-war settlement. A separate protocol signed at the conference pledged the Big Three to recognize Iran's independence.
Stalin dominated the conference, using the prestige of the Soviet victory at the Battle of Kursk (23 Aug 43) to get his way. Roosevelt attempted to cope with Stalin's onslaught of demands, but was able to do little except appease Stalin.
Stalin proposed executing 50,000-100,000 German officers so that Germany could not plan another war. Roosevelt, believing Stalin was not serious, joked that "maybe 49,000 would be enough." Churchill, however, was outraged and denounced "the cold blooded execution of soldiers who fought for their country." He said that only war criminals should be put on trial. He stormed out of the room, but was brought back in by Stalin who said he was joking. Churchill was glad Stalin had relented, but thought Stalin was testing the waters.
They agreed that the cross-channel invasion of France (Operation OVERLORD) would be launched during May 1944 (though it will then be postponed until June) in conjunction with an operation against southern France.
The Yugoslav Partisans were given full Allied support at the conference, and support to the Yugoslav Chetniks was halted, due to the belief that they were cooperating with the occupying Germans rather than fighting them.
The second meeting of the Big 3 will be held at Yalta, USSR (03 Feb 45) and the third and final at Potsdam, Germany (17 Jul 45), though Harry Truman will have succeeded the late US president for that third one.
Related dates (Major Allied Conferences)...
09 Aug 41: Atlantic Conference in Newfoundland; Discuss Soviet aid
14 Jan 43: Casablanca Conference; Ultimatum for unconditional surrender
22 Nov 43: 1st Cairo Conference; Declaration for postwar Asia
28 Nov 43: Teheran Conference; First meeting of the Big 3
05 Dec 43: 2nd Cairo Conference; Ike picked as Supreme Allied Commander
30 Jan 45: Malta Conference; FDR, Churchill prepare for Yalta Conference
03 Feb 45: Yalta Conference; Final plans for defeat of Germany
17 Jul 45: Potsdam Conference; Plans laid out for postwar Germany
ETO - Germany: Day 11 of 135 of the Battle of Berlin (RAF bombing campaign). Essen, in small raid, is attacked by 10 Mosquitos.
Russian Front - North: Day 812 of 872 of the Siege of Leningrad.
Russian Front - North: Day 573 of 658 of the Siege of the Kholm Pocket. USSR lays siege to the Kholm Pocket but the Germans hold out for a about a year and a half.
Russian Front - South: Day 97 of 122 of the Battle of the Lower Dnieper River, USSR.
MTO - Yugoslavia: US 12th Air Force B-25s bomb targets at Sibenik, Zara, and Dubrovnik.
MTO - Italy: The British 8th Army offensive at the Sangro River continues, with a second bridgehead being established. The US and Royal Air Forces provides air support for the ground troops.
CBI - China: Day 2,336 of 2,987 of the 2nd Sino-Japanese War.
Day 27 of 49 of the Battle of West Changde.
PTO - New Guinea: Day 71 of 219 of the Battle of Shaggy Ridge.
PTO - New Guinea: Day 68 of 162 of the Battle of the Huon Peninsula.
PTO - Solomon Islands: Day 28 of 295 of the Battle of the Bougainville Islands.
1944 — , November 28
ETO - France: Day 120 of 284 of the Battle of Brittany.
ETO - France: Day 75 of 236 of the Siege of Dunkirk.
ETO - Germany: Day 71 of 145 of the Battle of Hürtgen Forest.
ETO - Germany: US 9th Army reaches the Roer from Julich to Linnich. French 1st Army closes its pincers at Bumhaupt, France, but only part of the German 63rd Corps becomes trapped.
Russian Front - Finland: Day 75 of 223 of the Lapland War. Finland and Russia have joined forces to kick the Germans out of Finland's most northern province.
Russian Front - Center: Day 45 of 206 of the Battle of the Courland Pocket in Latvia.
Russian Front - Center: Day 38 of 99 of the Siege of Memel, a border town of Lithuania and East Prussia.
Russian Front - South: Day 31 of 108 of the Battle of Budapest, Hungary.
MTO - Italy: US and Royal Air Forces provides air support for the Allied ground units.
CBI - Burma: Day 242 of 302 of the Chinese Salween Offensive.
CBI - Burma: Day 15 of 31 of the Battle of Bhamo.
CBI - China: Day 2,702 of 2,987 of the 2nd Sino-Japanese War.
Day 226 of 259 of Japan's Operation ICHI-GO.
PTO - New Guinea: Day 337 of 597 of the Battle of New Britain.
PTO - New Guinea: Day 221 of 481 of the Battle of Western New Guinea.
PTO - Philippines: Day 40 of 299 of the 2nd Battle of the Philippines, aka the Liberation of the Philippines or the Philippines Campaign.
PTO - Philippines: Day 40 of 73 of the Battle of Leyte.
PTO - Philippines: Day 18 of 41 of the Naval Battle of Ormoc Bay.
1945 — , November 28
Japan: The official casualty figures of the Hiroshima and Nagasaki atomic bombs are announced as being between 110,000 and 165,000 dead.
09 Aug 45: Mushroom cloud over Nagasaki at the moment of detonation, but prior to the arrival of the shockwave.
There was great difficulty in estimating the total casualties in the Japanese cities as a result of the atomic bombings. The extensive destruction of civil installations (hospitals, fire and police departments and government agencies), the state of utter confusion immediately following the explosions, as well as the uncertainty regarding the actual population before the bombings, contribute to the difficulty of making estimates of casualties, not to mention the great fires that raged in each city totally consumed many bodies.