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Selected: December 30
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1931 — , December 30

  • CBI - China: Day 104 of 154 of the Japanese Invasion of Manchuria.

1936 — , December 30

  • Spain: Day 167 of 985 of the Spanish Civil War.

1937 — , December 30

  • Spain: Day 532 of 985 of the Spanish Civil War.
  • CBI - China: Day 177 of 2,987 of the 2nd Sino-Japanese War.
    • Day 22 of 54 of the Battle of Nanking.
    • Day 18 of 50 of the Rape of Nanking.

1938 — , December 30

  • Spain: Day 897 of 985 of the Spanish Civil War.
  • CBI - China: Day 542 of 2,987 of the 2nd Sino-Japanese War.
    • Day 80 of 81 of Japan's Operation GUANGDONG.

1939 — , December 30

  • Finland: Day 31 of 105 of the Russo-Finnish War. In central Finland, the Finns completely destroy the Soviet 163rd Infantry Division.
  • CBI - China: Day 907 of 2,987 of the 2nd Sino-Japanese War.
    • Day 46 of 381 of the Battle of South Guangxi.

1940 — , December 30

  • ETO - UK: Day 116 of 258 of the Blitz.
  • MTO - North Africa: Day 22 of 63 of the UK's Operation COMPASS, their campaign in North Africa against the Italian troops in Egypt and Libya.
  • East Africa: Day 204 of 537 of Italy's East African campaign in the lands south of Egypt.
  • CBI - China: Day 1,273 of 2,987 of the 2nd Sino-Japanese War.
  • CBI - Thailand: Day 91 of 221 of the Franco-Thai War (Vichy France vs Thailand).

1941 — , December 30

  • CBI - India: India's Congress Party supports the British war effort, while Mahatma Gandhi resigns in protest, declaring that India could not be party to a war ostensibly being fought for democratic freedom while that freedom is denied to India itself.
    Spotlight...

    Mahatma Gandhi

    Gandhi expressed strong opposition against Nazism but termed Britain's "war to save democracy" as hypocrisy.

    Commonly known as Mahatma Gandhi (the honorific "Mahatma" meaning "Great Soul"), Mohandas Karamchand Gandhi sought to practice non-violence and truth in all situations, and advocated that others do the same.

    During World War II, Gandhi penned an open letter to the British people, urging them to surrender to the Nazis. Later, when the extent of the holocaust was known, he criticized Jews who had tried to escape or fight for their lives as they did in Warsaw and Treblinka. "The Jews should have offered themselves to the butcher's knife," he said. "They should have thrown themselves into the sea from cliffs."

    Gandhi told the British people in 1940, "I would like you to lay down the arms you have as being useless for saving you or humanity. You will invite Herr Hitler and Signor Mussolini to take what they want of the countries you call your possessions." ... "If these gentlemen choose to occupy your homes you will vacate them. If they do not give you free passage out, you will allow yourselves, man, woman and child to be slaughtered, but you will refuse to owe allegiance to them."

    Wow.

    Gandhi's message of non-violent civil disobedience inspired movements for civil rights and freedom across the world. But it is difficult, if not impossible, for the vast majority of us to accept his stand regarding the Axis campaign to plunge the world into darkness. We can only conclude that he possessed a higher spiritual intellect than we could ever hope to achieve. Evil continues to this day and perhaps will persist until we all come to share Gandhi's level of enlightenment.

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  • Russian Front - North: Day 114 of 872 of the Siege of Leningrad.
  • Russian Front - Center: Day 90 of 98 of the Battle of Moscow.
  • Russian Front - South: Day 62 of 248 of the Siege of Sevastopol, Crimean Peninsula. The Russian success in the Crimea continues as the Germans make a hurried evacuation of Kerch.
  • CBI - Burma: Day 17 of 164 of Japan's Invasion of Burma.
  • CBI - China: Day 1,638 of 2,987 of the 2nd Sino-Japanese War.
    • Day 7 of 99 of the 3rd Battle of Changsha.
  • CBI - Malaya: Day 23 of 55 of the Battle of British Malaya.
  • PTO - Borneo: Day 15 of 107 of the Battle of Borneo.
  • PTO - Philippines: Day 23 of 152 of the 1st Battle of the Philippines.

1942 — , December 30

  • Atlantic: Battle of the Barents Sea (Arctic Ocean) between German and British ships.
  • ETO - France: US 8th Air Force heavy bombers hit the submarine base at Lorient.
  • Russian Front - North: Day 479 of 872 of the Siege of Leningrad.
  • Russian Front - North: Day 42 of 59 of the Battle of Velikiye Luki, near Leningrad. This stalemate does help ease the siege a little, but mostly it keeps German troops from being sent to other fronts.
  • Russian Front - North: Day 240 of 658 of the Siege of the Kholm Pocket, USSR lays siege to the Kholm Pocket but the Germans hold out for a about a year and a half.
  • Russian Front - South: Day 131 of 165 of the Battle of Stalingrad, bloodiest battle in human history.
  • Russian Front - South: Day 19 of 69 of the USSR's Operation LITTLE SATURN, a successful drive into the Northern Caucasus and the Donets Basin pushing the Axis troops out.
  • MTO - Tunisia: Day 44 of 178 of the Battle of Tunisia. US 9th and 12th Air Forces provide Allied air support.
  • CBI - Burma: Day 10 of 104 of the 1st Battle of Arakan.
  • CBI - China: Day 2,003 of 2,987 of the 2nd Sino-Japanese War.
  • PTO - Alaska: Day 207 of 435 of the Battle of Kiska, Aleutian Islands.
  • PTO - Malaya: Day 315 of 357 of the Battle of Timor Island, a long guerrilla war ending in Japanese victory.
  • PTO - New Guinea: Day 42 of 66 of the Battle of Buna-Gona. At Buna, the Allies cut the Japanese forces in two.
  • PTO - Solomon Islands: Day 146 of 187 of the Battle of Guadalcanal. Japanese Emperor Hirohito gives permission to his troops to withdraw.

1943 — , December 30

  • ETO - Germany: US 8th Air Force heavy bombers hit the oil refinery at Ludwigshafen.
  • ETO - Germany: Day 43 of 135 of the Battle of Berlin (RAF bombing campaign). Ten Lancasters of 617 Squadron and six Pathfinder Mosquitos fail to destroy a V1 site.
  • Russian Front - North: Day 844 of 872 of the Siege of Leningrad.
  • Russian Front - North: Day 605 of 658 of the Siege of the Kholm Pocket. USSR lays siege to the Kholm Pocket but the Germans hold out for a about a year and a half.
  • Russian Front - South: Day 7 of 113 of the USSR's Dnieper-Carpathian Offensive in southwestern Ukraine. The Russians report making 30-60 mile advances from the Kiev salient along a 180-mile front.
  • Russian Front - South: Day 7 of 22 of the Battle of Zhitomir, Russia.
  • MTO - Yugoslavia: US 12th Air Force B-25s bomb Zara hitting a junction, railway station, repair shops, warehouse, and the harbor
  • MTO - Italy: The RAF and US Air Forces provide air support for the Allied ground units.
  • CBI - Burma: Day 1 of 99 of the 2nd Battle of Arakan.
  • CBI - China: Day 2,368 of 2,987 of the 2nd Sino-Japanese War.
  • PTO - New Guinea: Day 103 of 219 of the Battle of Shaggy Ridge.
  • PTO - New Guinea: Day 100 of 162 of the Battle of the Huon Peninsula.
  • PTO - New Guinea: Day 16 of 597 of the Battle of New Britain.
  • PTO - Solomon Islands: Day 60 of 295 of the Battle of the Bougainville Islands.

1944 — , December 30

  • ETO - France: Day 152 of 284 of the Battle of Brittany.
  • ETO - France: Day 107 of 236 of the Siege of Dunkirk.
  • ETO - Belgium: Day 15 of 41 of the Battle of the Bulge. The Germans launch a heavy attack on the Bastogne corridor in the Ardennes. The British attack on Houffalize is halted by bitter German resistance. US 8th Air Force heavy bombers attack rail and communications targets behind the lines.
  • ETO - Germany: Day 103 of 145 of the Battle of Hürtgen Forest.
  • Russian Front - Finland: Day 107 of 223 of the Lapland War. Finland and Russia have joined forces to kick the Germans out of Finland's most northern province.
  • Russian Front - Center: Day 77 of 206 of the Battle of the Courland Pocket in Latvia.
  • Russian Front - Center: Day 70 of 99 of the Siege of Memel, a border town of Lithuania and East Prussia.
  • Russian Front - South: Day 63 of 108 of the Battle of Budapest, Hungary.
  • MTO - Italy: The US 5th Army is now southeast of La Spezia. US and Royal Air Forces provides air support for the Allied ground units.
  • CBI - Burma: Day 274 of 302 of the Chinese Salween Offensive.
  • CBI - China: Day 2,734 of 2,987 of the 2nd Sino-Japanese War.
    • Day 258 of 259 of Japan's Operation ICHI-GO.
  • PTO - New Guinea: Day 369 of 597 of the Battle of New Britain.
  • PTO - New Guinea: Day 253 of 481 of the Battle of Western New Guinea.
  • PTO - Philippines: Day 72 of 299 of the 2nd Battle of the Philippines, aka the Liberation of the Philippines or the Philippines Campaign.
  • PTO - Philippines: Day 72 of 73 of the Battle of Leyte.
  • PTO - Philippines: Day 16 of 244 of the Battle of Luzon.

Day-By-Day listings for December 30 were last modified on Thursday, January 28, 2016
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