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Murder at the Sleepy Lagoon:

Zoot Suits, Race, and Riot in Wartime LA

Paperback (328 pages), kindle
Music, fashion, race relations, neighborhood activism and a World War all come together and erupt in violence in Los Angeles.

Murder at the Sleepy Lagoon:

The notorious 1942 "Sleepy Lagoon" murder trial in Los Angeles concluded with the conviction of seventeen young Mexican American men for the alleged gang slaying of fellow youth Jose Diaz. Just five months later, the so-called Zoot Suit Riot erupted, as white soldiers in the city attacked minority youths and burned their distinctive zoot suits.

Eduardo Obregon Pagan here provides the first comprehensive social history of both the trial and the riot and argues that they resulted from a volatile mix of racial and social tensions that had long been simmering.

In reconstructing the lives of the murder victim and those accused of the crime, Pagan contends that neither the convictions (which were based on little hard evidence) nor the ensuing riot arose simply from anti-Mexican sentiment. He demonstrates instead that a variety of pre-existing stresses, including demographic pressures, anxiety about nascent youth culture, and the war effort all contributed to the social tension and the eruption of violence. Moreover, he recovers a multidimensional picture of Los Angeles during World War II that incorporates the complex intersections of music, fashion, violence, race relations, and neighborhood activism.

Drawing upon overlooked evidence, Pagan concludes by reconstructing the murder scene and proposes a compelling theory about what really happened the night of the murder.

The Zoot Suit Riots...

Related Scanning WWII links...

  • 13 Jan 43: "Sleepy Lagoon" trial verdicts becomes precursor to the Zoot Suit Riots.
  • 31 May 43: Day 1 of 9 of the Los Angeles Zoot Suit Riots.
  • 03 Jun 43: Day 4 of 9 of the Los Angeles Zoot Suit Riots.
  • 07 Jun 43: Day 8 of 9 of the Los Angeles Zoot Suit Riots.
  • 16 Jun 43: Eleanor Roosevelt comments in her newspaper column on the Zoot Suit Riots.

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